US Pacific Command changed its name behind: expanding India's geopolitical concept and rebalancing

US Pacific Command changed its name behind: expanding India's geopolitical concept and rebalancing

[in May 30th]2018, US Defense Minister Matisse announced in Hawaii that the U. S. Army's Pacific Command was officially renamed the Indo-Pacific Command of the US Army in India. Admiral Philip Davidson served as commander of the Indian Pacific Command. Matisse said the India ocean and the Pacific region are crucial to global maritime security, and the links between the two oceans are becoming more and more closely related. As a result, the U.S. Department of defense made the decision to rename it. In fact, "India and Tai", as a geopolitical concept, was first put forward by India scholars, and the academic circles in Australia, Japan and the United States all responded. As early as April 9, 2013, the United States Senate Military Commission website had published the testimony of admiral Samuel Loklil, commander of the American Pacific Command, Samuel Loklil, in the Senate Military Committee: Why is the Indo-Asia-Pacific Important? In this article, Admiral Locke introduced the strategic basis, rebalancing efforts and challenges of the United States Pacific Command, and first proposed the concept of "India Asia", and demonstrated the importance of Asia in many ways.

In view of the importance of the concept, Zhi Yuan has reorganized the old report and published it in four parts in full text for the readers.

Violent extremism

Extremists, separatists, nationalists and other violent actors with many other purposes still worry the Pacific Command and our partners. The improvised explosive device (IED) is the preferred asymmetric weapon for these groups. In South and Southeast Asia, we have experienced an average of more than 100 improvised explosive devices each month, which is the most exploded area other than the central command's responsibility zone. Most of these incidents are not related to global violent extremism, but there are also some possible correlations. We will continue to see sectarian / religious violence regularly occurring in all parts of the country, including Burma, India, Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand. There is also a strong correlation between criminal activities and violent extremism. Violent extremism is often shown through extortion, kidnapping and other violent crimes. Several countries, including Bangladesh, Indonesia and Malaysia, are traditional areas for extremist recruitment, fundraising, activities and other facilitation efforts. Extremists belonging to Iran are also active in the US Pacific Command area. In February 2012, the Iran people who were interlinked with Lebanese Hezbollah carried out successful interference attacks in India and Thailand.

The Pacific Command has made significant progress in combating terrorist activities by improving its partners' capabilities and implementing the anti radical plan. The implementation of the anti radical plan has been carried out by the Civil Military Support Elements and the military intelligence support group supporting the US embassy (Military Inf). Support for ormation Support Teams). Over the past more than 10 years, our partners and allies have begun to oppose violent extremist groups, which have achieved remarkable success in combating extremist ideology and terrorist plots, which are inspiring to us. Sustained success requires a consistent and long-term effort to reduce the motivation of Al Qaeda and other terrorists to use violence. The efforts to prevent radical, recruitment, and mobilization are essential to defeat this dangerous thought and reduce strategic risk. Neither we nor our partners can win the struggle in the way of arrest / massacre, while sustained, moderate, preventive nurseries will greatly reduce the cost in the future. The possibility of action.

In Southeast Asia, our partners have made impressive progress in reducing the dangers posed by violent extremists, but the attacks in Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand last year proved the presence of other threats. Smaller and more fragmented terrorist groups continue to seek different goals through violence and intimidation. The joint special operations task force (Philippines) (Philippines) (Philippines) (Special Operations Task Force-Philippines, JSOTF-P) continued to provide advice and assist the Philippines security forces (Philippine Security Forces) to improve their counter-terrorism capabilities to combat the Absar Jef group (Abu Sayyaf Group) and "Islam" in southern Philippines. The prayer Regiment (Jemaah Islamiyah). The improvement in the security situation supports the implementation of the initial peace framework agreement between the government of Philippines and the the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. Through this agreement, a lasting peace will be built in southern Philippines and its security and stability will be enhanced. Counter-terrorism efforts include: improving information sharing and enhancing cooperation; continuing attention to piracy and crime related issues.

Although pirates and sea robberies in the Malacca Straits and the Strait of Singapore are very low, this does not mean that there is no terrorist organization, and Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LET) is one of them, although it is not the most capable terrorist organization in South Asia, but lashka Taiba The group claimed responsibility for the terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India in November 2008, which killed more than 160 people, including 6 Americans. In recent years, the organization has also supported or implemented some other attacks in South Asia. In addition to the direct impact of these attacks, other major terrorist attacks may undermine the fragile peace between India and Pakistan, which is another major danger. The perpetrators of this attack should be associated with Pakistan - this is the case in 2008 - the India government may face domestic pressure to respond, leading to a rapid deterioration of the situation. For these reasons, it is more important to protect the lives of the innocent, and we and our partners in the United States government will communicate regularly with India and Pakistan to avoid similar crises.

The relationship between India and Pakistan has gradually improved in recent years, thanks to the establishment of a series of mutual trust measures, the growth of economic relations and the reduction of large-scale instability. However, we are still concerned about this process, because a major terrorist attack is likely to regress rapidly. Both sides maintain modern weapons and well-trained armies with nuclear capabilities. It is unlikely that large-scale wars will occur on the subcontinent, but if that happens, it will have disastrous consequences for both sides and for the region. In addition, although India and China have expanded bilateral economic relations in recent years, their border disputes with China have always been the root cause of friction. We do not think that the war between India and China is inevitable or possible, but the unresolved territorial issues and regional competition will exacerbate the possibility of war.

Elsewhere, South Asia has got rid of most direct conflicts, but diversification, mainly from internal challenges, still exists. In spite of the inability of Nepal to solve many of its political problems, the former Mao Zedong (Maoist) fighters have been reformed and have been completed, in the process of maintaining peace, and all parties and entities play a role in the framework of peace and stability. Bangladesh may be unable to contain political violence and instability because they face a national election early next year. Sri Lanka needs to make efforts to reconcile the years of civil war caused by ethnic separatism.

The countries of India and Asia continue to cooperate in order to reduce the significant challenges posed by illicit trafficking in drugs, population and commodities, as well as distant distances and different geographical regions. The United States Pacific Command partners and international organizations, as well as other American government agencies, have made efforts in this area through the joint trans departmental task force in the West.

In India and Asia, typhoons, earthquakes, floods, tsunamis and tornadoes are all too common. The increasingly severe climate and sea level rise pose a threat to the safety of people's lives and property, and even to the low-lying countries. In 2012, nearly 100 natural disasters struck Asia, resulting in nearly 4000 deaths and over 65 million lives.

Illegal trafficking in population, animals and commodities constitutes a transnational threat. Counterfeit or unqualified antibiotics can speed up the spread and spread of antibiotic resistant strains, such as malaria and tuberculosis. Drinking water hygiene and global food security may shift resources and terminate the movement of goods and services in global epidemics. Illicit trafficking in animals and plants may lead to the introduction of organisms that destroy crops or food chain ecosystems. According to the Cooperative Health Engagement (CHE), we will work with the Indian countries of India to strengthen the capacity of the region to deal with these and other public health risks.

Based on the past experience of the United States Pacific Command on humanitarian relief / relief (HA/DR), we have begun to change the planning and implementation of cooperative medical care in India and Asia. The focus has shifted from the provision of one-time health care to the establishment of a sustainable, multilateral, and capable medical aid for the population lacking medical care through the "cooperative medical agreement". The project has been supported by the United States Pacific Command war zone campaign plan. Some of our more successful efforts include blood products safety projects in Kampuchea, Vietnam and Laos. The inter agency cooperation has built up the capacity of national civilian and military blood products, leading to the state's self-sustaining blood supply. Through the HIV / AIDS prevention programme (DHAPP) of the Ministry of Defense (DHAPP), the army of the 10 Asian countries is implementing HIV prevention programmes to reduce the incidence of disease among international partners and to expand the civilian community in their lives. The Ministry of defense overseas medical research laboratory has made great progress in many emerging diseases treatment strategies. The Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences in Bangkok, Thailand, has made an important breakthrough in the hepatitis A vaccine and Japanese encephalitis vaccine, and the first AIDS vaccine has shown effect in human trials. All these achievements will contribute to the establishment of health care in Indo Pacific Asia and contribute to the more stable global health environment.

Resource competition

Demand for water, food and energy will continue to increase. The friction between the supply and use of water between India and Pakistan, between India and Bangladesh, between countries in the lower Mekong River, between China and Southeast Asia, and even in the northern and south-eastern industrialized areas within China is obvious. Most of the Indian countries are unable to fully meet their food needs, which highlights the demand for stable and sufficient supply of existing food through international trade. The same is the case for energy supply. Disrupting these supplies or unexpected price increases will overuse many governments' ability to ensure that their population needs are met.

Information security

Coping with the current challenges has left our theater and national intelligence agencies exhausted. Nevertheless, the Indo Asian rebalancing strategy in our country needs to meet these challenges. Our leadership and intelligence community (IC) must catch up. I believe there are several key promoters

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