He has led his team to Wenchuan and other earthquake stricken areas. My duty is to save lives.


He has led his team to Wenchuan and other earthquake stricken areas. My duty is to save lives.

Original title: Liu Xiangyang: don't want disaster to come, but it really comes. My duty is to save people and witness.

Liu Xiangyang

Born in Inner Mongolia in 1969, joined the army in 1987, the deputy head of the former China international rescue team. He led the team to the earthquake stricken areas such as Wenchuan, Yushu, Ya'an and other earthquake stricken areas. He also shouldered the national mission, led the Chinese international rescue team to Algeria, Pakistan, Indonesia, Haiti and other countries to participate in disaster relief. Their active response ability and stubborn fighting power enjoyed a great reputation in the world, in order to save life and enhance international friendship. Important contributions have been made.

"From today, my duty is to save people."

Liu Xiangyang walked slowly towards reporters from the simulated ruins of the training ground. He was wearing a red rose rescue suit, which is the unique color of the rescue team, meaning "love is boundless". Liu Xiangyang said that the color of the uniform reminded him of his fear of life, as he wrote in his diary when the China international rescue team was founded in April 27, 2001. "From today, my duty is to save people, the task is to save people, and everything is to save people!"

Liu Xiangyang: "inside is the national earthquake disaster emergency rescue team, the external is the Chinese international rescue team", which means it is responsible for the domestic and international rescue. When our rescue team was established, it could be said that it was a blank sheet of paper. We were outsiders.

When the China international rescue team was founded, many other countries' rescue teams had accumulated decades of experience. And we experience, technology, equipment, everything is blank. During the first year of the rescue team, Liu Xiangyang and his comrades spent the day in the training field, and throughout the night read the foreign language manuals of the control dictionary translation equipment.

Liu Xiangyang: "bought in all the most advanced equipment in the world, the instructions are foreign, there are German, and some other languages, English is good, we take the dictionary, check it item by item." Whenever you have time, you are in the training ground, because you have to recognize the ruins when you study. How should it be used and what should be paid attention to in its application? There are rules and regulations in the process of application.

But soon, they moved from the simulated ruins to the real rescue scene. In February 2003, the 6.8 magnitude earthquake occurred in Bachu - Jiashi, Xinjiang, the rescue team was first involved in the actual rescue. In May, a 6.2 magnitude earthquake occurred in Algeria, and the rescue team was first involved in international rescue. This year, there were four "actual combat" rescues, which enabled China's international rescue team to quickly form combat effectiveness.

A lesson about life

The bigger test was in 2008. In the Wenchuan earthquake, the rescue team came out.

Liu Xiangyang: "every memory is complicated. At that time, we felt helpless. Although we went to the ranks of 180 people, 180 people were very small before the disaster. "

This earthquake, China international rescue team successfully rescued 49 survivors, spoke a lot of rescue details, Liu Xiangyang still choked. In Dujiangyan's new primary school rescue, he and his comrades rescued a young girl named Tang Xinyue, when she was in grade five in primary school, buried in the ruins, but the girl thought of rescuing others first.

Liu Xiangyang: when we opened her passageway, she said uncle, don't save me first, and have a little sister. We all shed tears at the time. (Geng Yansheng) because she opened her passageway, she was pressed by a computer host, heavy, all pressed on her arm. When I opened the mainframe of the computer, her arm had been squashed and turned purple. The message she gave us enabled the first year girl to survive. This is the use of life to save lives.

Liu Xiangyang said Tang Xinyue gave him and his comrades a lesson on life.

Seeing a saved person is like seeing a loved one

In the past ten years, Liu Xiangyang has returned to Wenchuan two times, one in 2014 and a few days ago. When he returned to Sichuan, he met a man who rescued them.

Liu Xiangyang: "she was a woman worker in a more than 30 year old industrial and commercial office. After we rescued her from the ruins, one of her arms had been amputated. Last time I returned to Sichuan to take part in a rescue campaign, she knew that after I had gone, she found me, as if I had met the feeling of a loved one, the kind that could not be said. She invited me to her job and a hand was working for me. She is working now, and she is an advanced worker. Her spiritual reconstruction is particularly gratifying to us as rescuers. Psychological reconstruction is more important than rescuing us from the ruins. "

Liu Xiangyang said ten years ago, in the disaster, although all the rescue workers fought all night, the miracle of life was taken up with both hands, but there were still a lot of shortcomings, and the actual efficiency of the rescue was not high.

Liu Xiangyang: "before 5.12, we have not yet reached a very harmonious coordination and command among our teams, teams and governments. In addition, despite the rescue team, there is no real rescue capability, especially the development of our volunteer team is lagging behind.

After grinding and testing, we still need to see the gap.

After 2008, they went through many earthquakes, such as Yushu, Ya'an, Ludian and Jiuzhaigou, and completed the disaster relief tasks of Haiti, Japan, New Zealand, Nepal and other countries. Now, China international rescue team has been accreditation of the UN International Heavy rescue team, and has been authorized by the United Nations to form a site coordination center and an action reception center in international rescue operations.

But Liu Xiangyang said we had to learn from the rescue teams in the developed countries of the United States and Japan, and we had to learn them like "embroidery" to pay attention to the details of the rescue, and to learn to establish a scientific and complete rescue procedure. Efforts should also be made to establish a rescue team combining the PLA, professional rescue teams and volunteers.

Liu Xiangyang: "most of the rescue teams in other countries are mainly volunteers. Volunteers can reach the scene at the first time, and more lives can be guaranteed. The PLA and the Chinese people's armed police force are the assault forces. The professional rescue teams are the backbone. Enterprises and institutions or volunteers are auxiliary forces. These three are indispensable. From a single nature, we must turn it into a comprehensive rescue.

From disaster to disaster relief

After a series of disaster trials, the formulation, system mechanism and response ability of China's emergency management have been developed by leaps and bounds, from disaster to disaster relief. More valuable is that more and more people have awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation. With the establishment of the national emergency management department in 2018, the construction of China's disaster relief system will have a greater leap forward.

Liu Xiangyang: "our team should not only learn to save the scene after disaster, but also to prevent the disaster before the disaster. After the construction of the team, we can support the construction of the whole disaster relief system, which is the improvement of the consciousness of disaster reduction for all the people, and can do better under the leadership of the emergency management department."

In May 12, 2018, the Wenchuan earthquake 10th anniversary International Symposium opened in Chengdu. General Secretary Xi Jinping sent a letter and stressed that human cognition of the law of nature did not stop. China will adhere to the people centered concept of development and adhere to the combination of prevention and disaster prevention, disaster prevention and disaster relief, and comprehensive improvement of comprehensive disaster prevention capability. The safety of the people's life and property provides a solid guarantee.

Liu Xiangyang: "the promulgation of the disaster reduction law, as well as the formulation of our plans, the three systems have already been issued, which are the best support for our rescue work or emergency relief work. As a rescuer, we should not forget our original mind, remember our mission, work hard, train hard and improve our skills.

Witnesses said

"As a rescuer engaged in 16 years of disaster reduction, it can be said that it has caught up with the new era, especially the rapid development of national emergency disaster reduction, to some extent the curve overtaking. We do not want disaster to come, but when the disaster comes, we will use our hands to lift more fresh life and make the contribution we should do for the cause of disaster reduction.

- Liu Xiangyang

In 1978, with the the third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party as the symbol, China opened the historical course of reform and opening up. As the general secretary of Xi Jinping said, "from the countryside to the city, from the pilot to the promotion, from the economic system reform to the comprehensive deepening of the reform, 40 years of prosperity, 40 years of endeavour, 40 years of spring rain, the Chinese people have written the magnificent epic of the national and national development with both hands."

In this great change that has profoundly changed China and profoundly affected the world, how many magnificent times have we had to remember? On the occasion of the 40th anniversary reform and opening up, the Chinese Central People's radio station, the sound of China's 40 year history, has visited many of the most important historical events to record their memories, thoughts and prospects.

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Editor in responsibility: Zhang Yu


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