The United States seeks to enhance Arctic communications capabilities to create new communication aware technologies.

The United States seeks to enhance Arctic communications capabilities to create new communication aware technologies.

In view of the lack of communication and remote sensing capabilities in the Arctic, the United States and its partner countries are actively seeking new remote sensing and communication technologies to enhance the situational awareness and communication capabilities of the Arctic region. According to the Rand Co's report on the potential gap between the United States Coast Guard in 2018, the United States Navy "mobile user target system" communications satellite is conducive to communication coverage in the the Atlantic region, but does not cover the coast guard. The report provides for the enhancement of communication capacity in the Arctic region. Several solutions, including the construction of more infrastructure and the increasing use of commercial communications satellites in polar orbit, are being addressed.

The current communication system used in the Arctic region

Rand Co reported that the coast guard currently uses satellites, sensors and various fixed assets to provide regional perception, navigation and weather information. These systems include the global satellite search and rescue system (Cospas-Sarsat), a satellite system conducive to the execution of search and rescue tasks; a personal positioning buoy; a variety of systems that provide satellite images and products; on board automatic identification systems; land base stations operated by the Alaska ocean exchange; and the coast guard yacht and flight. Remote identification and tracking system and sensors on the machine.

Actively seeking new communication and perception technology

In accordance with the project investment plan of the coast guard research, development, test and identification of the 2018 fiscal year of the committee, the Department is trying to improve and improve the situational awareness and security of the north polar region fighters.

(1) create a safe network. Developing a "powerful network security network" project, providing better communications, protecting network security, preventing various threats such as pranks, can actually switch automatically between commercial and high frequency communications, and can transmit virtual auxiliary information to navigation systems. It is expected that the coast guard research and Development Centre will release the project report in July 2018 and launch an experiment in early 2020. It is expected that the project will be completed in September 2020.

Second, deploy the "polar scouts" cube satellite system. The coast guard has begun to assess the potential uses of the cube satellite, which is expected to launch the first 2 "polar scout" satellite systems this summer for search and rescue missions in remote polar regions. The "polar scout" satellite can detect people in distress and quickly transmit the information to the command center to send aircraft or ships to designated locations. The project is scheduled for demonstration from October to July 2019 this year to develop a cube satellite technology roadmap for the coast guard by the end of the year.

(3) the study of new quantum radar in Canada. In addition to the US, some of its partners are investing in new sensor technologies to enhance the situational awareness in the region. The Department of defense research and development of the Canadian Department of defense recently provided $2 million 100 thousand in project funding to the University of Waterloo to develop a new quantum radar technology to improve situational awareness. The technology will use quantum lighting sensing technology to help detect and receive information about a given object, and will completely change the electromagnetic induction mode, and also have the ability to send a lower detection signal to prevent the combatants from being detected by their opponents. At present, the project is still in its early stage of development, and it is expected to replace the "North warning system" deployed by the United States and Canada by 2025.

Development of air, surface and underwater unmanned systems. The Ministry of defense has been exploring air, water and underwater unmanned systems. These assets have been used for marine mammal surveys, and the efficiency is very high.

Seeking virtual automatic identification of buoy technology. The coast guard has used new technologies, such as the virtual automatic recognition system buoy, to help draw more waterways, and to work with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Alaska sea exchange and the Finland government to explore the technology. (authorship: Defense Science & technology important / Miao)

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