[in May 30th]2018, US Defense Minister Matisse announced in Hawaii that the U. S. Army's Pacific Command was officially renamed the Indo-Pacific Command of the US Army in India. Admiral Philip Davidson served as commander of the Indian Pacific Command. Matisse said the India ocean and the Pacific region are crucial to global maritime security, and the links between the two oceans are becoming more and more closely related. As a result, the U.S. Department of defense made the decision to rename it. In fact, "India and Tai", as a geopolitical concept, was first put forward by India scholars, and the academic circles in Australia, Japan and the United States all responded. As early as April 9, 2013, the United States Senate Military Commission website had published the testimony of admiral Samuel Loklil, commander of the American Pacific Command, Samuel Loklil, in the Senate Military Committee: Why is the Indo-Asia-Pacific Important? In this article, Admiral Locke introduced the strategic basis, rebalancing efforts and challenges of the United States Pacific Command, and first proposed the concept of "India Asia", and demonstrated the importance of Asia in many ways.
In view of the importance of the concept, Zhi Yuan has reorganized the old report and published it in four parts in full text for the readers.
Strengthening alliance and partnership
The core of rebalancing is to enable our alliance and partnership to be extended, to adapt to the needs of modern times and to be strengthened to support the sharing of security interests between the two sides. We are ensuring that our alliances are reasonable and that they can meet the challenges of the current security environment and seize new opportunities. In the same way, we are exploring innovative, expanded cooperation ways through more effective strategic partnerships to solve the complex problems of non-traditional security challenges. The United States Pacific Command is working closely with 5 treaty allies in our area of responsibility - Australia, Japan, Philippines, South Korea and Thailand, as well as important partners - India, Indonesia and Singapore.
The US Australia alliance is the anchor of India's peace and stability in Asia, which promotes economic development and integration, good governance and rule of law in the region. The US Pacific Command is working closely with our partners to promote security in the region. In the past fall, we co hosted the annual conference of the Pacific Command in the Pacific region of the United States Pacific Command in Sydney, and 22 of the 26 national defense chiefs were present. For security cooperation, we held a week long discussion and issued a series of briefings. In addition, in November, the Australian Defense Minister and I attended the AUSMIN meeting at Perth, a joint briefing on a solid military agreement between us.
We are continuing to implement the military posture initiative announced by President Obama and Prime Minister Gilad in November 2011, including the US Marines will participate in bilateral training in Darwin (Darwin) through rotation. In addition, the northern Australian airport will allow us aircraft to take off and landing, which will provide a lot of training opportunities. The first batch of 250 US Marines deployed succeeds in Darwin and is expected to start the second round of deployment in April 2013. We are working together to increase the US Marine Corps presence in Darwin, and we expect that the total strength of the rotation will reach about 1100. This growth will require improvements in infrastructure, and we are currently in the process of identifying detailed information about these needs. I am confident that our efforts will bear fruit. In a sense, we will continue to support our strategic objectives.
We are continuing to seek better opportunities to promote bilateral and multilateral actions. For example, we held the "2013 body Saber" exercise every two years (TALISMAN SABER 2013), a United States - Australia joint exercise designed to train the military forces of both parties to plan and implement joint mission capabilities. We further analyzed the benefits of expanding the "Sabre knife" exercise, including the inclusion of other security partners.
We are also aware of the added value of the expanded regional three party security cooperation action. The close relationship between Australia and the United States is conducive to introducing other countries into our security cooperation efforts, such as Japan. This allows us to advance together and support multilateral security exercises, as well as a number of national key Proliferation Security Initiative exercises, humanitarian rescue / relief operations, information sharing, intelligence, surveillance, and network security cooperation.
The United States and Japan support the strong military presence of the United States in Japan, in order to provide the necessary deterrence and capability for Japan's defense and the maintenance of peace, security and economic prosperity in India too. In the past year, the office of the defense minister and the United States Pacific Command have worked with our Japanese counterparts to realize the adjustment of the United States' military posture in India and Asia. The remarkable achievements of the adjustment include: progress in the Futenma alternative facility environmental impact assessment process; the expansion of the aeronautical training plan to Guam; the relocation of the air defense command of the Japanese air defense force (JASDF) to the hitian air force base; and the central War Reserve Force (JGSDF) of the Japanese land defense force (JGSDF) force Headquarters moved Camp Zama.
These actions will not change the fundamental goal of the adjustment of military strength, only in order to maintain deterrence and reduce the impact of the US forces on the local community. In fact, adjusting and improving the interoperability between the US armed forces and the Japanese self defense forces can enhance the overall deterrence capability of the US Japan alliance. Bilateral exercises, such as the 2012 "KEEN EDGE 2012" military exercises and the "KEEN SWORD 2013" military exercises in 2013, are the earlier precedents for continuing to expand United States and Japan joint operations. Similarly, the Marine Corps' MV-22 "fish eagle" transport plane was deployed to Okinawa not only to replace old equipment, but also to enhance the maneuverability of the Marines that we were deploying at the front.
Through collaboration with the joint staff and the office of the Minister of defence, we have begun to assess the roles, tasks and capabilities of the alliance to consolidate the ability of the alliance to cope with the changing challenges of regional and global security environments. The United States and Japan continue to share common security interests, such as restraining the threat of North Korea, providing humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and supporting the freedom of action in the shared domain. In addition, we are working together to help our allies and partners in the region build safety capabilities through training and exercises. These efforts will continue to contribute to peace and stability in the region.
Our 62 year alliance with Philippines remains the key to our efforts to ensure stability and prosperity in the Western Pacific region, and we are adapting this relationship to the needs of the modern world to meet the challenges of the twenty-first Century. The high-level talks included: in November 2011, Secretary of state Hilary visited Manila and signed the "Manila Declaration"; in April 2012, Minister Clinton and Minister Panetta presided over the first "two plus two" Ministerial consultations; in June 2012, President Aquino visited the United States formally for the US and the Philippines. New vitality is injected into it. We see a new interest that is redefining our relationship, increasing the number of visits and realizing more situational awareness sharing in the maritime field.
We will continue to commit ourselves to the alliance obligations identified between us and Philippines in the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty. In the past December, we co hosted the Philippine-U.S.Mutual Defense Board/Security Engagement Board annual meeting in Manila, which is still the focus of our expansion of military relations. As the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) continues to transform from internal security operations to territorial defense, we will adjust the relationship between the military to effectively mitigate the perceived threats. We are currently discussing the opportunity to increase the presence of US troops in the areas of priority identified jointly, so that Philippines and the US Army will receive new training.
We make use of training opportunities to make up for the short-term gap between Philippines armed forces and help them build long-term capabilities and talents. In addition, our security assistance is mainly focused on support for situational awareness and maritime security capabilities in the marine field of the Philippines armed forces, as well as information technology and network security. In the past May, the second "Hamilton" coast guard frigate "Ramon Alcaraz" (Ramon Alcaraz) was delivered to Philippines, and we will continue to cooperate with the armed forces of Philippines to carry out the necessary maintenance and training.
In terms of operations, the United States Pacific Command participates in the Philippines affairs through the "BAL IKATAN" exercise sponsored by the Joint Chiefs of staff and the regular Pacific Partnership (PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP) mission - humanitarian / civic assistance and exercise. In addition, over the past ten years, the joint special operations task force (Philippines) has been engaged in non combat counseling and auxiliary work to support the Philippines armed forces to combat and curb violent extremist groups. At present, in order to cope with the current security situation, we are evaluating the durable demand of the joint special operations task force (Philippines). The strong U.S. - Philippine alliance has greatly enhanced the stability of the region and helped the United States to establish a favourable environment that would help prevent miscarriage of justice, promote regional cooperation and protect important maritime communication channels for all parties.
The 2013 marks the 60th anniversary of the alliance between the US and South Korea. At present, the alliance is still very stable and is crucial to our strategic success. Over the past sixty years, the United States and South Korea have jointly committed themselves to peace and stability in the Northeast Asia by curbing the Korean regime's regular provocations and the flagrant threat to the Korean Peninsula and the peace and stability of the region. Because the central position of the Korean Peninsula in the Northeast Asia and the Northeast Asian trade are crucial to the global economy, the major conflicts in South Korea may have unpredictable, long-term and far-reaching effects. Our limited understanding of the intentions of the DPRK leadership still requires a long-term and stable concern.
General Mundy (Thurman) is in the same direction as I do. For the United States and South Korea, it is necessary to change the alliance, which will ultimately help South Korea to better meet the security challenges. The handover of the Korean army's wartime command is part of this transformation, which will allow South Korea to take the lead in joint defense. In the 2015 war, commanding power was based not only on the environment, but also on the certification of key capabilities. The U.S. - Korean exercise program, which includes "KEY RESOLVE" and "ULCHI FREEDOM GUARDIAN", is a mechanism to demonstrate key capabilities, such as the implementation of command automation system (C4I) and the command and control of synthetic and joint forces. As we complete the handover process, the USFK will continue to transform into the KORCOM.
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