The Ministry of Commerce held a regular press conference, and the spokesman's summit responded to the hot issues of high concern at home and abroad. The actual record is as follows:
Friends of the journalists:
Good morning, everyone. Welcome to the regular press conference of the Ministry of Commerce. Today, I have four messages to inform you first.
First, the development of China's foreign trade in the 1-5 months of this year.
Since the beginning of this year, China's foreign trade has been developing steadily, and its quality and efficiency have been further improved.
The main features are as follows: from the international market, China's imports and exports of the United States, the European Union, Japan, Hongkong and other traditional markets have increased by 5.3%, 7.3%, 4.5% and 6.8% respectively. The "The Belt and Road along the country's import and export growth of 11.1%, higher than the overall growth rate of 2.3 percentage points; the ASEAN import and export growth of 11.9%, higher than the overall growth rate of 3.1 percentage points. The rapid growth of the country's market is Russia, Indonesia, Vietnam and so on, the increase is 18%, 16.5% and 24.4% respectively.
From the view of commodity structure, the structure of export products is continuously optimized, and the export of mechanical and electrical products is 3 trillion and 610 billion yuan, up 7.9%, higher than the overall growth rate of 2.4 percentage points, and the ratio of 1.3 percentage points to 58.8%. Imports of some commodities increased fairly rapidly, and imports of 10 major commodities such as natural gas, crude oil and coal increased by 10.9%.
From the subject of management, foreign-funded enterprises are still an important force in the development of China's foreign trade. The proportion of private enterprises is steadily increasing, and the import and export of state-owned enterprises is developing well. The import and export of private enterprises increased by 4 trillion and 520 billion yuan, increased by 11.7%, the proportion increased by 1 percentage points to 38.9%, and continued to maintain the first major operating status of exports; the import and export of state-owned enterprises was 2 trillion and 110 billion yuan, up 13.8%, accounting for 18.1% of our country's total foreign trade. Foreign enterprises import and export 4 trillion and 950 billion yuan, an increase of 4.3%, accounting for 42.6%.
From the perspective of trade, the proportion of general trade continued to increase, processing trade increased marginally, and border trade developed rapidly. In the first 5 months of this year, general trade imports and exports were 6 trillion and 840 billion yuan, an increase of 12.7%, representing an increase of 2 percentage points to 58.8%. Processing trade imports and exports 3 trillion and 90 billion yuan, an increase of 1.7%, accounting for 26.5%. Border trade has developed rapidly, with import and export reaching 104 billion 290 million yuan, an increase of 15.2%.
From the domestic perspective, the eastern region continued to grow steadily, and the proportion of the central and western regions continued to increase. In the first 5 months of this year, the import and export volume of the central and western regions was 1 trillion and 810 billion yuan, an increase of 16.7%, representing an increase of 1.1 percentage points to 15.6%. The eastern region imports and exports 9 trillion and 820 billion yuan, an increase of 7.4%, accounting for 84.4%.
Two, about China's foreign investment cooperation in the first 5 months.
In 1-5 months of 2018, China's domestic investors made non-financial direct investment to 2987 overseas enterprises in 149 countries and regions, totaling $47 billion 890 million, a year-on-year increase of 38.5%, and continued to grow for seven months. The total turnover of foreign contracted projects reached US $56 billion 880 million, an increase of 12.9% over the previous year, and the new contract amount of US $85 billion 490 million, an increase of 13.4% over the same period last year. Foreign labor cooperation sent 178 thousand types of labor force, and 998 thousand workers were outside the service at the end of 5, an increase of 69 thousand over the same period last year.
In the first 5 months of this year, China's foreign investment cooperation has maintained steady and healthy development.
One is the "The Belt and Road along the country's investment cooperation steadily. 1-5 months, China's enterprises in 54 countries of the "The Belt and Road along with new investment, totaling $5 billion 930 million, an increase of 8.2%. In the "The Belt and Road along the country's foreign contracted engineering contract amount of $36 billion 220 million, accounted for 42.4% of the total; $30 billion 740 million turnover accounted for 54% of the total.
Two, the structure of foreign investment industry has been continuously optimized, and irrational investment has been effectively curbed. In 1-5 months, foreign investment flows mainly to rental and business services, manufacturing, mining and wholesale and retail industries, accounting for 29.9%, 15%, 12.3% and 7.6%, respectively. The real estate industry, sports and entertainment industry did not invest in foreign investment.
Three, the eastern region is still the main force for foreign investment, and enterprises in the three northeastern provinces are increasingly active. In 1-5 months, 10 provinces and municipalities in the eastern region jointly invested $27 billion 720 million in foreign investment, an increase of 75.4% over the previous year, accounting for 78.1% of local foreign investment. The three provinces in Northeast China invested 1 billion 430 million US dollars, an increase of 88.2% over the same period last year.
The four is the large number of new projects signed by foreign contractors. In 1-5 months, the total amount of newly contracted contracts for foreign contracted projects was more than US $50 million and 274, totaling 73 billion 80 million US dollars, accounting for 85.5% of the total amount of new contracts. Foreign contracted projects drive exports of goods by US $7 billion 540 million, an increase of 25.7% over the same period last year.
In the first 5 months of this year, the relevant competent departments recorded or approved 3373 foreign investment enterprises, and the Chinese side agreed to invest $45 billion 503 million. For the record or approval of 3356 non financial foreign investment enterprises, China's agreed investment amount of US $42 billion 15 million; the record or approval of financial foreign investment enterprises 17, the Chinese side agreement investment of 3 billion 489 million US dollars.
Three, the situation of absorbing foreign capital in the first 5 months of this year.
In the 1-5 month of 2018, the main features of the absorption of foreign capital were as follows:
First, the sustained and rapid growth of new enterprises, and the actual use of foreign capital has risen slightly. There were 24026 new foreign-invested enterprises in the country in 1-5 months, up 97.6% from the same year. The actual utilization of foreign capital was 345 billion 590 million yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 1.3% (52 billion 660 million US dollars, 3.6%).
In the month of May, 5024 new foreign-invested enterprises were set up in the country, up 106.5% from the same year. The actual utilization of foreign capital was 58 billion 810 million yuan, up 7.6%, and the dollar was 9 billion 60 million US dollars, up 11.7% from the same period.
Two, the high tech manufacturing industry has maintained a relatively fast growth momentum. The actual utilization of foreign capital in manufacturing industry was 100 billion 420 million yuan, an increase of 12.3% over the same period, accounting for 29.1%. The actual use of foreign investment in high-tech industry increased by 9.8% compared to the same period last year, accounting for 20.5%. The actual use of foreign capital in high-tech manufacturing industry was 33 billion 690 million yuan, an increase of 61.9% over the same period last year. Among them, the pharmaceutical manufacturing, electronic and communications equipment manufacturing, medical equipment and instrumentation manufacturing industry increased by 12.3%, 56.4% and 442.3%, respectively. High tech service industry actually utilized 37 billion 240 million yuan of foreign capital, of which, the transformation of science and technology achievements increased by 4.1% over the same period last year.
Three, the central and western regions continue to absorb foreign investment, and the growth rate of foreign investment in the pilot area is ahead of the whole country. The actual utilization of foreign capital in the central region was 24 billion 190 million yuan, an increase of 40.1% over the same period last year, and the actual utilization of foreign capital in the western region was 22 billion 770 million yuan, an increase of 11.9% over the same period last year. 11 foreign-funded enterprises in the pilot free trade zone were 3358, an increase of 10% over the same period last year. The actual utilization of foreign capital was 40 billion 780 million yuan, an increase of 14.1% over the same period last year, accounting for 11.8% of the country's total.
Four is the main source of investment, Singapore, Korea, Japan, the United States, the United Kingdom, Macao and other investment growth significantly. Actual investment increased by 33.9%, 66.9%, 5.1%, 16.3%, 56.9% and 72%, respectively.
ASEAN is the actual amount of foreign investment grew 38.9%; "The Belt and Road along the country's investment grew 38.8%.
Four, about the cultural trade in China in the first 4 months of this year.
In the 1-4 month of 2018, China's cultural trade and investment grew steadily, and the total import and export of cultural products and services reached US $36 billion 960 million, an increase of 13.5% over the same period last year. The total volume of imports and exports of cultural products was 25 billion 510 million US dollars, an increase of 9% over the same period last year, and the total import and export volume of cultural services was 11 billion 450 million US dollars, up 25.1% over the same period last year. Foreign investment in culture, sports and entertainment industry increased by US $730 million, an increase of 7 times compared with the same period last year, accounting for 2% of China's total foreign investment. The main features are as follows:
First, the scale is steadily increasing. In 1-4 months, the export of cultural products was $22 billion 430 million, an increase of 7.3%, an import of 3 billion 80 million US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 23.7%, a trade surplus of 19 billion 350 million dollars for cultural products, 2 billion 410 million US dollars for cultural service exports, an 9.4% increase in the year on year, an import 9 billion 40 million US dollars, 30%, and $6 billion 630 million in the trade deficit of cultural services.
The two is that the structure tends to be optimized. Imports and exports of cultural services accounted for 31% of the total volume of cultural trade, representing a 3 percentage point increase over the same period last year. In the export of cultural services, the export of audio-visual and related products, cultural and entertainment services, and advertising services exports increased by 44.1%, 32.3% and 24.6% respectively, and the three accounted for 85% of the export of cultural services, with an increase of 11 percentage points. Exports of cultural specific equipment and publications with higher added value increased by 13.6% and 6% respectively in the export of cultural products.
The three is that the market is more pluralistic. China to "The Belt and Road along the country's cultural products export $4 billion 570 million, an increase of 10.7%, accounting for 20.4% of the total exports of cultural products, accounting for an increase of 0.7 percentage points. Exports of cultural products to Brazil, Russia, India, South Africa and other BRIC countries amounted to US $1 billion 340 million, an increase of 35.2% over the same period last year.
These are the information I need to inform you. I would like to answer the questions raised by my friends. Please ask questions below.
Answer a reporter to ask
Question and answer 1
CCTV news reporter
May I ask you about the consensus reached by the SCO Qingdao Summit on economic and trade cooperation? What are the achievements and highlights?
The Qingdao summit of the SCO has made many achievements in the field of economic and trade, and has injected new impetus to regional economic cooperation. It is mainly embodied in the following three aspects:
First, continue to promote trade facilitation in the region. During the summit, the heads of state of the member states jointly issued a joint statement on trade facilitation, which will promote the process of trade facilitation and promote trade growth by simplifying customs procedures, reducing import and export procedures and increasing transparency. The SCO countries actively participate in and support the China International Import fair, which will be held in Shanghai in November this year, and will build a strong cooperation platform for the expansion of interregional trade.
Two, we should intensify our efforts to support cooperation between SMEs. The parties emphasized the importance of strengthening the cooperation of e-commerce, developing services and service trade and supporting the development of small and medium micro enterprises, and signed a memorandum of understanding to promote the cooperation between small and medium and micro enterprises. It will promote e-commerce and innovation in small and micro enterprises in various countries by supporting the exhibition forum and the training of organizational discussion and training. Cooperation in areas such as hair production will stimulate the potential of regional economic cooperation.
The three is to issue a common voice in support of the multilateral trading system. The heads of state of the Member States emphasized in the Qingdao declaration to support and improve the global economic governance system, consolidate the multilateral trading system, maintain the authority and effectiveness of the world trade organization, and issue a consistent voice against the fragmentation of international trade relations and trade protectionism. Thank you。
Question and answer 2
Central broadcasting station central and Guangzhou reporter
On the Qingdao summit of the SCO, we note that President Xi Jinping mentioned the support for the construction of the demonstration area of the local economic and trade cooperation of the China Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Qingdao. What are the functions of this economic and trade cooperation demonstration area? What is the goal? In what areas will we cooperate with SCO member states?
Economic and trade cooperation is an important engine for SCO development. Building a demonstration area of the China - SCO regional economic and trade cooperation in Qingdao is to give full play to the advantages of Qingdao's regional advantages and the functional advantages of the land and sea transport, and to set up a new platform for China's economic and trade cooperation with the SCO. At present, Qingdao is meeting with the relevant departments
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