Print media: China's 3 largest fleet will have aircraft carriers, while India's military industry is still inefficient.


Print media: China's 3 largest fleet will have aircraft carriers, while India's military industry is still inefficient.

Reference News Network reported on July 11th, "India express" website in June 5th published Alan Prakash's article entitled "being thrown away at sea".

The white paper on China's military strategy published in 2015 clearly pointed out that it is necessary for China to "build" and "national security". Adapt to the modern maritime military strength system, safeguard national sovereignty and maritime rights and interests...... Building a great power of the ocean. In May 12th, the first Chinese aircraft carrier 001A of the Chinese Navy went to sea for the first time, becoming another landmark event to show China's firm development of comprehensive marine capability. The new carrier will be the new sister ship of the Liaoning ship that reconstructs the Soviet carrier "Varyag", and the larger follow - up "super carrier" (type 002 carrier) is said to have begun to build. If the three fleet of the Chinese navy will own an aircraft carrier, then China will need to build five to six aircraft carriers.

The white paper of China's military strategy proposes to shift the maritime military focus from "offshore defense" to "far sea guard", which clearly indicates that the Chinese Navy intends to leap over the concept of "the first island chain" obstacle, entering the India ocean and the Pacific Blue Sea, projecting military forces and carrying out marine control. The Chinese navy has opened the first India ocean base in Djibouti, and also invested in the construction of important ports in the strategic position of the port of Gwadar and the port of Hanban. It is ready to launch an expeditionary operation at the door of India's home.

India navy ship

Two points of China's new strategy deserve close attention from India's defense planners. In order to keep the US Navy carrier from approaching, Chinese scientists have developed a unique anti - ship ballistic missile capability, which is the cornerstone of China's "A2D" principle. Today, the firm belief in the "anti intervention / regional refusal" strategy and the huge cost of the aircraft carrier construction plan have been integrated, marking a significant change in the guiding principles within the Chinese navy. Another concern is China's obsession with technology independence. They must make great efforts to ensure that domestic aircraft carriers can equip their own research and development fighters. After obtaining the prototype aircraft of the Russian Su -33 carrier aircraft, China has created the fighter -15 "flying shark" fighter - carrier fighter through reverse technology - despite the Russians' protests against China's intellectual property rights.

If India is ready to act before coercion, it is necessary to embark on a strong maritime response. Regrettably, the shrinking defense budget and poor procurement system have been eroding our army's fighting capacity. In 2014, India's prime minister Narendra Modi raised the inspiring "India made" proposal, which seemed to wake up the sleepy India military industry. But four years later, the indifferent political bureaucracy made India made a slogan with no result. Under such a dim background, it is instructive to investigate the independence efforts of India Navy.

Recognizing that no country had ever grown into a powerful marine power by importing arms, the visionary naval leadership had planted the seed of self-reliance as early as the 60s of last century and persuaded the government to start building its own warships. Faced with numerous queries, India's marazon dockyard company has licensed the production of the British imperial class frigate and delivered the first product in 1972. With the support of the naval vessel design department, our shipyards subsequently built nearly 150 warships - from patrol boats to aircraft carriers, from waterways to nuclear submarines. These self designed battleships need our scientists to continue developing corresponding weapons, sensors and propulsion systems.

After seeing the sweetness of the warships, the India Navy turned its attention to the aviation field. In the early 90s of the last century, the India Navy found that the "light combat aircraft" (LCA) project of the India defense research and development organization was stagnant, so it decided to examine the feasibility of its aircraft carrier. The Navy's launch of the LCA carrier based project is tantamount to recognizing the ingenuity of local aircraft designers and engineers, aiming at activating the stagnant defense technology base. Further inspecting the LCA prototype, the Navy found that the transformation of a shore based aircraft into a carrier needed to solve a major problem, but they affirmed the confidence in the project, launched the development plan, and delivered about 4000000000 rupees to the R & D projects of the India defense research and development organization, as well as engineers and test pilots.

Early in the start of the project, the India Navy realistically realized that the shipboard project would not be successful, or might not be able to catch up with the timetable of India's first homemade aircraft carrier, IAC-1. The Navy therefore consciously decided to continue to subsidize and promote the LCA Navy project, and, on the one hand, prudently considered a new alternative aircraft for the new carrier. With the LCA Navy type project dragging on, the alternative model is identified as the "super day" aircraft carrier is using MIG -29K.

In 2016, the India air force formally absorbed the LCA fighter plane and placed 123 orders. As for the Navy, the LCA Navy prototype was the 7 moon phase in 2010 and the first test flight in April 2012. Although the LCA Navy aircraft carried out several aircraft carrier simulation tests on the shore, it still had a long way to go before carrying out the shipborne missions. Both the LCA air force version and the Navy version use the US engine, but there are significant performance defects due to insufficient engine thrust. For this reason, the India air force and Navy both claimed to be interested in seeking overseas fighters.

This reminds us of another closely related topic: the domestic "high mile" turbojet engine. After more than 20 years of development, "Gao Wei Li" has evolved into another failed project of India defense research and development organization. Design defects are one of the causes of project failure, but the lack of clarity in project management is also an important factor. The HF-24 "Fengshen" fighter, which was abandoned earlier, told us that before India had the ability to design its own aero engine, the performance of any autonomous aircraft would be constrained by import technology. However, the ability to design turbojet engines is involved in deep technology, and the project manager of the "high - well" team should seek foreign experience in a timely manner, not a project suspension.

There is one fact that we can't emphasize too much: the LCA and the "high - well" engine provide the key to the building of a powerful and active aviation industry in India. The design, development and flight test projects of these two systems have produced extremely valuable data and are worth making good use of. In the process of success, these projects are expected to hatch a series of fighters, UAVs and cruise missiles. The sea version of "Gao Wei Li" is also expected to provide navigation power for our warships.

Due to lack of political foresight and guidance and lack of project management experience, most of the projects of the India defense research and development organization have failed. Naval shipbuilding projects (including the nuclear submarine project) have clearly told us that user participation and project management (carried out by selected military personnel) are the key to achieving outstanding achievements.

50 years of painful lessons should prompt the prime minister's office of India to promote the transformation of defense industry projects. User services should occupy the driving seat of such projects, and experienced military personnel should occupy management positions. If 25 years of strategic layout and professional management are carried out, the LCA project and the "Gao Wei Li" project are likely to become the practitioner of modi's "made in India" dream. (compiling / Liu Ziyan)


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