Original title: work is too tired to affect health? Japanese laws restrict civil servants to work overtime
Japanese government department data released in June 29th showed that Japan's unemployment rate fell to the lowest level in more than 25 years in May this year, while the effective rate of seeking human resources (the ratio of the number of labor market demand to job seekers) has risen to the highest level in more than 44 years, indicating that the shortage of labor in Japan is more serious. When the cruel data was released, the Japanese government also issued relevant policy responses.
According to the financial times, last week, the Japanese Prime Minister, Abe Shinzo, passed the "way of work" legislation and was finally approved, in order to limit the length of the job and to correct the serious wage imbalance between official and informal workers. In the Wall Street journal, the Wall Street Journal reported that the legislation would limit the additional working hours of the Japanese to 100 hours a month (about 3.3 hours a day), within 720 hours a year (an average of 2 hours a day) and will be punished for the violating companies.
The report said the legislation also recognized a brutal reality facing Japanese society that overwork seriously affected the family life of the Japanese and the state of the society as a whole - about 20% of Japanese companies have worked overtime more than 80 hours a month (about 2.7 hours a day). The legislation tries to fix the protection of workers in the form of law before the local labor force is further shrinking and workers will even face greater pressure to work overtime. The law will also be effective (even indirectly) to enable companies to invest a large portion of their cash in improving productivity technology or equipment.
Japan restricts civil servants to work overtime
The Japanese times also quoted people familiar with the news that the The National Personnel Authority will respond to Abe's legislation and modify the rules in order to curb the Overwork of civil servants and promote the reform of the state's civil service work. It is to be set up in principle for 360 hours a year and a large amount of business. The Department shall not exceed 720 hours per year overtime limit.
In addition, the Japanese personnel academy is not only able to decide whether to use its own regulations to overthrow this guideline, but also to consider giving them special treatment during the busy period of civil servants, including natural disasters, and to set the upper limit of monthly overtime.
In the report, the report said that the Personnel Institute hoped to urge the national civil servants to improve the working environment of long - term labor, which could help to improve the efficiency of the government and promote the reform of the Congress. It is reported that the new rules will apply to the implementation of the Japanese labor reform related legislation in April 2019, and the personnel academy is scheduled to report new guidelines to prime minister Abe Shinzo in August.
The daily economic news (nbdnews) news (micro signal: nbdnews) noted that, as to the overtime hours of national civil servants, Japan introduced a non legally binding guideline in 2009, which stipulates no more than 360 hours a year under normal circumstances and needs to respond to "special circumstances" such as Parliamentary Affairs and budget negotiations. The Department shall not exceed 720 hours per year.
In the personnel management proposal of the Personnel Institute in 2017, the agency also said that a lot of effort was needed to reduce working hours and streamline the work process in order to solve the long work problem of Japanese civil servants. The Personnel Institute will upgrade the non legally binding pointers to rules, and government departments must abide by the rules that will be written into the law.
The decline of the domestic population in Japan is highly innovative
As mentioned in the foregoing, Japan's current labor shortage is also closely related to the changes in the population of Japan.
In another report, the Japanese Times quoted a report issued by the Japanese government in July 11th local time, saying that as of January 1, 2018, the population of Japan (excluding foreign residents) was 125 million 200 thousand, down 0.30% from the same period in 2017, or about 374 thousand, a decline in the total number of people for ninth consecutive years. It is also necessary to point out that this is the largest decline in Japan's population since its implementation in 1968.
In addition, the number of births in Japan fell to a record low of 948396 in the reporting period, while the number of deaths reached 1340774 - the number of deaths in Japan for eleventh consecutive years.
The daily economic news (micro signal: nbdnews) reporter also noted that Japan has been one of the lowest birth rate countries in the world for decades. With the rapid aging of population, the population of Japan has been decreasing and the burden of the whole society has become heavier and heavier. The Japanese times reported that in the current Japanese society, the population aged 65 and above accounted for 27.66% of the total population, an increase of 0.49 percentage points from a year ago. The proportion of people aged 14 or below is only 12.57%.
Meanwhile, the number of foreign residents registered in Japan increased to nearly 250 thousand, an increase of 174 thousand over the same period last year. This is partly because the government, led by Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo, approved a policy last month to welcome more foreign workers to make up for Japan's labor gap in Japan's declining labor force.
Every reporter Cai Ding
Editor in responsibility: Zhang Yu
Waonews is a news media from China, with hundreds of translations, rolling updates China News, hoping to get the likes of foreign netizens