Information map: historical photos of the seventh fleet of the United States
Two destroyers in the United States flare through the Taiwan Strait in sensitive times, making the cross strait relationship more variable. The US Pacific Fleet spokesman said that in the past many years, the US ships have sailed between the South China Sea and the East China Sea through the Taiwan Straits. The history he referred to mainly refers to a special Marshal belonging to the seventh fleet of the US Navy, the "Taiwan Patrol Force". Over the past 29 years, it has had a profound impact on the situation in the Taiwan Strait. Today's Adventures of the US Navy, I am afraid, is a "dream to relive".
In June 25, 1950, the Korean War broke out, and President Truman was determined to intervene in the army. At the same time, the seventh fleet was declared "neutrality" by the seventh fleet. In August 4th of that year, the commander of the seventh fleet of the United States and vice admiral James Swan set up the "77.3 task force" to patrol the Taiwan Strait. After several changes, in November 1, 1959, the unit was eventually named "Taiwan Patrol Force".
The "Taiwan Patrol", which is composed mainly of a destroyer division, takes on a first-line maritime patrol, and is the commander of the captain of the Navy captain. As the Taiwan Strait was a high risk area for the cold war, the US Army used it as an important training area, and when the patrol was carried out two years later, all the destroyers of the western coast of the United States (the entire Pacific Fleet) had been turned into the "Taiwan patrol unit".
According to the US declassified information, the US ships generally patrol from Keelung to the north or from Kaohsiung, and each mission takes 5 days to 6 days. The duty warship patrol and patrol in the Taiwan Strait in accordance with the weather and sea conditions, and usually return to Keelung or Kaohsiung to replenishment.
The warships in charge of patrols maintain high vigilance, one out of the port to carry out the control of lights, the night of the navigation lights are not open, the whole ship is in the grade B, the combat department is always on the alert, the officials often play the place on the site. As long as they find unknown targets from radar or lookout, they must go to visual confirmation.
The most impressive impression of the US Navy officers and soldiers on the Taiwan Strait is not the tension of the sword, but the uncomfortable strong winds and waves. Every year from June to October is the typhoon season, with few calm days. Patrolling the waters is simply a nightmare for sailors. Even worse, all the years of patrols in the Taiwan Straits are destroyers, with low, small tonnage, and rocking degrees. The rough sea waves are often on the main deck, a few accidents on the sea, and people who have fallen into the sea are often unable to save them.
In the face of the "military patrol policy of the Taiwan Strait", the Chinese mainland has adopted a rational and joint struggle. In August 23, 1958, in Jinmen artillery, the PLA scrupulously adhered to the measures of "beating Chiang Chiang ships and not attacking the American ship". Through the ingenious "bombardment dialogue", the army tried to explore the bottom line of the United States "coordination defense" of Taiwan. The American ship did not dare to escort the Taiwan supply fleet to the adjacent waters of the gold building, and not to match the Kuomintang army's "counter offensive against the mainland". In the artillery war, in September 24th, the American destroyer "Hope Weir" escort platform warship, midway encountered the continental torpedo yacht, the American ship only after a few circles, the choice of rapid departure. Obviously, the United States is also afraid to "wipe out fire with the mainland".
In the 60s of last century, with the deterioration of Sino Soviet relations, the United States began to attach importance to discussing the possibility of improving relations with China. After the armed conflict on the Sino Soviet border in Chen-pao Island in March 1969, President Nixon made a quick statement saying that the Soviet Union was an invader in the border conflict and said that the setback of "Red China" did not conform to the interests of the United States. US Secretary of state Kissinger announced the change in the regular patrol mode of the seventh fleet in the Taiwan Strait. The official explanation is that "the defense budget has been cut down". But it is subtle that the US ship patrol routes move from the mainland coast to the so-called "central line of the Straits". In November 15, 1969, the US Navy ordered the seventh fleet to "carry out continuous regular patrols in the Taiwan Straits to include random patrols of combat and auxiliary ships." These decisions indicate that the quality and quantity of the Taiwan Strait patrol are falling.
In 1972, Nixon's official visit to China, Taiwan US relations of "diplomatic relations" were in jeopardy. In order to make Taiwan feel at ease, the commander of the US Pacific Fleet has privately assured the Minister of defense of Taiwan that "on average, 15 ships per month will pass through the Taiwan Straits". In general, in 70s of last century, although there was a change in the way of patrolling, the American ship still passed through the Taiwan Strait, even visited the port of Taiwan, and also maintained a joint exercise with the Taiwan army. At that time, the port of Keelung always had an American ship.
Finally, the coming is coming. In January 1, 1979, President Carter announced the establishment of diplomatic relations with the mainland of China and abolished the "United States and Taiwan Mutual Defense Treaty". The United States Navy "Midway Islands" aircraft carrier in November 18, 1978 participated in the "LAN-STAR exercise" jointly held with the Taiwan army to become the last American aircraft carrier in the Taiwan Strait to participate in the US Taiwan exercises. In the same month, the anti submarine training of the United States and Taiwan "shark -18" has also become extinct, and the "Taiwan patrol unit" has entered the history. (Luo Yuanhui)
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