The American Pacific Command officially changed its name to the India - Pacific Command, indicating that it shifted its focus to China's strategic thinking on the rise of China in the South China Sea and other regions. The new command is in line with the "free and open India strategy" put forward by the United States and other allies. In addition, US Defense Secretary Matisse also called on Japan to adopt a more positive attitude towards the strategy.
The US Pacific India command has greater symbolic significance than the previous Pacific Command. From the west coast of the United States to the India ocean, from the north pole to the South Pole. Command 375 thousand military and civilian personnel are responsible for monitoring more than half of the world's territory and the US troops stationed in Japan.
The India Pacific strategy is aimed at broader cooperation with democratic countries. The main reason for renaming the headquarters is to emphasize the activities of the US forces in the Pacific and India oceans. In spite of the renaming of the name, the United States should be in the Asia Pacific region with a responsible attitude and play a constructive role for regional peace and stability. China is building military facilities in the South China Sea area. On the economic side, the "along the way" initiative also expanded the influence of China in the Indo - Tai region.
Obviously, renaming is not only a change of terms. The US Navy's two-year circum Pacific military exercise was held in Hawaii from June 27th to August 2nd. This year, more than 20 countries, including Japan, Australia, Britain and France, participated in the "ring too" military exercise in the 2014 and 2016, but this year it was excluded. The United States refused to invite China to take part in the "Tai Tai" military exercise, which was mainly attributed to the continuous militarization of China in the South China Sea.
Japan supports the move by the United States. The Indian strategy was first put forward by Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo in 2016. In June, when Prime Minister Andouble met with the new commander of the United States India Pacific Command, Philip Davidson, Japan said that Japan is willing to work with the United States to promote the implementation of the strategy.
According to sources who attended the meeting, Davidson said the "freedom of navigation" action will continue. But some Japanese officials are worried. The former US seventh fleet commander once asked whether Japan was willing to take part in the South China Sea free action, while Japan refused to accept the proposal and said there was no direct territorial dispute between Japan and China in the South China Sea.
The Trump administration has repeatedly stressed that the United States should bear defense spending together. Given that the South China Sea is closely related to the safety of the Japanese route, President Trump will not allow Japan to hitchhike free. This will make Japan a difficult situation. If Japan participates in the South China Sea free action, Sino Japanese relations will become tense. If Japan refuses, the Trump administration will put pressure on Japan in other ways, such as requiring it to buy arms from the United States. If the United States establishes friendly relations with its allies in the region, India Pacific strategy can be effectively implemented. (authorship: Defense Science and technology important news / Li Xiang)
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