Original title: Ministry of Commerce held a regular press conference to respond to what hot issues?
On July 12th, the Ministry of Commerce held a regular press conference, and the spokesman responded to reporters' questions. The actual record is as follows:
Good afternoon, everyone, everyone. Welcome to the regular press conference of the Ministry of Commerce. Today we have also welcomed a number of distinguished guests, the famous journalists from the mainstream media along the road along the way, and we welcome them.
First of all, we have two pieces of information to inform you today.
About the situation of absorbing foreign capital in the first half of this year
In the 1-6 month of 2018, the situation of absorbing foreign capital mainly has the following characteristics:
First, the continuous growth of new enterprises and the steady increase in actual use of foreign capital. In 1-6 months, 29591 new foreign-invested enterprises were set up in the country, up 96.6% from the same year. The actual use of foreign capital was 446 billion 290 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 1.1%, a depreciation of $68 billion 320 million, and a year-on-year increase of 4.1%. In June, 5565 new foreign-invested enterprises were set up in the whole country, up 92.3% from the same year. The actual use of foreign capital was 100 billion 700 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 0.3%, which was 15 billion 660 million US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 5.8%.
Two, the high-tech manufacturing industry keeps growing. The actual use of foreign capital in manufacturing industry was 134 billion 830 million yuan, an increase of 4.9% over the same period, accounting for 30.2%. The actual use of foreign investment in high-tech industry increased by 1.6% compared to the same period last year, accounting for 20.9%. The actual use of foreign capital in high-tech manufacturing industry was 43 billion 370 million yuan, an increase of 25.3% over the same period last year. Among them, the manufacturing industry of electronic and communication equipment, computer and office equipment manufacturing, medical instruments and instruments and instruments have increased by 36%, 31.7% and 179.6% respectively. The high tech service industry actually uses 50 billion 30 million yuan of foreign capital. Among them, the transformation of science and technology achievements increased by 22.2% over the same period last year.
Three, the pilot area will lead to the growth of foreign capital and the growth of foreign investment in the western region will not be reduced. 11 foreign-funded enterprises in the pilot free trade zone were 4281, and the actual use of foreign capital was 57 billion 840 million yuan, an increase of 32.6% over the previous year, accounting for 13% of the total. The actual use of foreign capital in the western region was 28 billion 840 million yuan, an increase of 13.2% over the same period last year.
Four is the main source of investment, the United States, Singapore, South Korea, the United Kingdom, Macao and other investment to maintain good growth momentum. In 1-6 months, the actual investment in the United States, Singapore, South Korea, the UK and Macao increased by 29.1%, 19.7%, 43.8%, 82.5% and 78.7%, respectively, in the main sources of investment. The actual investment of ASEAN has increased by 24.4% over the same period, and the country along the road has increased by 24.9% over the same period.
China shopping center development index report 2017 and China convenience store prosperity index report
Today, the Ministry of Commerce has published the report on the development index of China's shopping center in 2017 and the report of the Chinese convenience store boom index, and analyzed the status and future trends of the two retail formats in shopping centers and convenience stores.
The China shopping center development index report pointed out that in 2017, China's shopping center development index was 68.5, up 1.3 from the same period, and higher than 18.5 of the glory line, indicating that the overall shopping center market continues to warm and turn to better. Among them, the current index was 65.1, an increase of 0.9 over the same period last year, and the expected index of 73.5 increased by 1.8 compared with the same period last year, indicating that the confidence of the owners of the shopping center market continued to increase.
From the region, the 7 regional development index of the whole country is above the glory line, the East China keeps leading, the northeast region has risen significantly. From the city, the first tier cities benefit from the huge consumption market, the development index is higher than the two or three line city, the international brand presents to the three line city city sinking trend; from the property type, The outlets development index continued to precede three types of properties: urban, regional and community. More than 70% owners are optimistic about the increase in the income, sales and profit of the project. It is expected that the market of malls in China will continue to improve on the basis of overall economic stability and consumption upgrading in 2018.
The China convenience store boom index report shows that in 2017, China's convenience store quarterly prosperity index remained at a high level, higher than the boom and glory line of 21.68, which shows that convenience store practitioners always maintain a high confidence in the development of the 2017 industry. Among them, the business prosperity index of the convenience store was 80.2, higher than that of the glory line 30.2; the store boom index was 66.1, which was higher than that of the glory line 16.1, indicating that the convenience store managers and the store operators maintained high confidence. At the same time, store rentals and manpower costs continue to climb, and brain drain is also a challenge for convenience stores. It is estimated that China's convenience store market will continue to maintain steady growth in 2018.
The above is my initiative to inform you of the situation, I would like to answer the questions raised by my friends.
Economic Daily reporter: the US accuses China of stealing intellectual property rights and forcing technology transfer. How do you comment on this?
Gao: it is totally unacceptable for us to accuse the so-called "compulsory technology transfer" and "stealing intellectual property rights" from ignoring historical facts. Since the reform and opening up, the combination of low cost labor force and international capital and technology has promoted the rapid growth of China's economy, promoted the prosperity of the world economy and created a rich return for foreign enterprises. This cooperation is completely the voluntary behavior of Chinese and foreign enterprises based on the commercial contract. After many years, the foreign enterprises in China have gained huge profits, accusing China of forcing technology to transfer and stealing intellectual property, which is not only a distortion of China's reform and opening up and historical facts, but also the destruction of commercial credit, which fundamentally violates the spirit of contract. We believe that this approach is very dangerous and will shake the institutional foundation of market economy and free enterprise. Thank you.
Central broadcasting and television central broadcast China voice reporter: in the statement of the United States Trade Representative Office, China's industrial policy has been blamed for the distortion of the market. How does the Ministry of Commerce comment on this?
Peak: the accusation of the US side is simply untenable. Every country has the right to development and has the right to promote development through the implementation of appropriate industrial policies. Historically, Hamilton, the first US finance minister in the United States, was an early industrial policy advocate. In the 50s and 60s of last century, the United States implemented the industrial revitalization plan in the fields of space, military and industrial and other fields, and achieved good results. Under the conditions of economic globalization and technological progress, we are opposed to differentiated and protective industrial policies, and more need to meet the actual development policies, and pay more attention to future forecasting, open cooperation, promotion of competition and quality of education. Thank you.
Phoenix TV reporter: consult the relevant issues of Sino US trade war. After the two sides impose tax increases, is there any consultation between China and the United States? Is there a consultation arrangement for the next step? Now that the US has made a new list, does it mean that the Sino US trade war will further expand? There is also news that Tesla has already reached an agreement with Shanghai to set up a factory in Shanghai. What are your comments and expectations?
Peak: regarding the first question you mentioned, China has repeatedly indicated that the premise of consultation is credit. As far as I know, the two sides have not yet contacted the resumption of negotiations.
As for the question of whether the trade war between China and the US will be further expanded, I think it depends entirely on the US side. China's attitude towards trade war is clear and consistent. We do not want to fight, fight and fight when necessary. This is a multilateral principle of unilateral and open protection. China has no other choice.
Upgrading trade wars can not only solve any problems, but also bring many secondary impacts. China notes that many experts and scholars in the world, high-end think tanks, transnational enterprises and industry organizations have recently expressed concern about the US - sponsored trade war and its huge negative externality.
Regarding the issue of Tesla's factory building, China welcomes Tesla's investment in China. This is not only the achievement of China's initiative in opening wider to the outside world, but also a concrete manifestation of mutual benefit and win-win cooperation between China and the United States. We will continue to improve the domestic investment environment, attract more foreign excellent enterprises to come to China, and achieve common development in the opportunities of China's development. Thank you.
Agence France-Presse: yesterday, the United States announced a tariff increase on China's 200 billion value products, and how China plans to counter it. What measures do China intend to take? Does China want to have a new round of trade negotiations with the United States?
Peak: the US side's practice of accelerating trade war has aroused serious concern of the international community. The US action is bringing the global economy into a "uncertainty trap". If it is finally implemented, it will affect more innocent companies and consumers and have a huge impact or even a recession on the world economy.
China resolutely opposes the US side's trade hegemony, and will have to fight back to defend the interests of the state and the people and defend the global free trade and the multilateral system.
I have already answered the question of consultations you mentioned. Thank you.
Agence France-Presse: what are the counter measures?
Peak: as I said just now, we will have to make the necessary counterattack.
Economic Reference News reporter: it is said that the United States will apply for exemption from the US company importing Chinese goods for 90 days, which is good news for the US companies affected by the trade war, and can still impose strict tax on other companies. How does the Ministry of Commerce comment on this behavior? Do you think this is a very clear signal for China?
Gao: what you mentioned is the domestic policy procedure of the US side. I want to emphasize that the provoking of trade war in the context of economic globalization will inevitably lead to the "instability trap" of the global industrial chain and the value chain, which will not only cause losses to other countries, but also inevitably damage the interests of domestic enterprises and ordinary consumers. It is the right policy choice not to fight trade wars and maintain the safety of the global industrial chain and value chain.
Reporter of central broadcasting and television central broadcasts: US trade representative lett Hill said in a statement that China's anti - tariff measures imposed on American products are not based on any international law and justifiable reasons. How does China respond to it?
Gao: I think everyone knows that this is a robber logic. It is a typical unilateralism and trade protectionism, without any international legal basis or justifiable reason, that the United States first violates the rules of the WTO and takes the tariff measures unilaterally according to its domestic law. In order to safeguard the interests of the state and the people and safeguard the free trade and the multilateral trading system, China has to make the necessary counteraction and bring a lawsuit in the WTO, which is fully in line with the principles of international law. Instead of trampling on the multilateral trading system, the United States accuses China of being forced to take proper defense.
China News Agency: China's exports to the United States in the first half of the year fell 13.9 percentage points compared to the same period last year, the month of June dropped 23.8 percentage points, how does the Ministry of Commerce look at this phenomenon? Is Sino US trade friction the main reason for the sharp decline in export growth?
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