Original title: why is Japan so developed that a rainstorm has killed 200 people?
Japan's Kyodo News 12 quoted the latest data from the Japanese police office on the day, the number of deaths in western Japan's storm hit area has reached 200.
This disaster is the most severe rainstorm disaster in Japan in the past 30 years.
According to the latest news of the Chinese Consulate General in Osaka, there are no reports of casualties among Chinese citizens.
Hu Junkai, vice president of Tokyo branch of Xinhua news agency, senior editor
In the West Japan, the Osaka earthquake in June, followed by heavy rains in July, led to flooding and mudslides. By the late July 11th, 176 people were killed, the most serious flood since the Nagasaki flood (299 people died) in 1982.
Although the "decades and one encounter" heavy rain, but the ability to reduce disaster in Japan, and cause such a large area of disaster, still do not let people sigh, think behind the cause of the disaster.
The storm is expected in Japan. According to the statistics of Japan Meteorological Agency, since 2004, flooding caused by over 10 thousand buildings has occurred in Japan for 11 times due to river flooding.
20 years ago, 20 years ago, the Osaka Kobe earthquake was in the air. The Japanese planners wanted to build a new land axis (economic belt) to prevent natural disasters such as the only major earthquake in the Pacific axis. The development strategy, named "the grand blueprint of twenty-first Century," is still in the state of using large-scale land development to promote economic recovery, resolve regional disparities and defend natural disasters. Although rainstorms and floods are predicted, it is not as important as the earthquake.
In 2005, the concept of Japanese land planning changed, and the large-scale development of land was completed. What is needed in the future is the "shaping" of land. The concept of disaster reduction should be adopted to promote disaster prevention measures, build a strong land and reduce the disaster consequences to a minimum, and become one of the key elements of territorial planning. Therefore, in the two land planning of 2008 and 2015, major natural disasters, including heavy rain, were promoted to "the challenges facing Japan".
In 2008, the planning of land formation clearly pointed out that "in recent years there has been a tendency to increase and damage the damage of heavy rain in Japan". In 2015, the plan also clearly pointed out that "as the climate warming, the possibility of extreme precipitation in Japan is more intense and more frequent; the flood disaster caused by wind and rain and debris flow disasters will appear." The worrisome tendency to become frequent and serious.
It is regrettable that the disaster foresight of the torrential rain in Japan is not late, but the response is slow, so that the rainstorm in July has been able to ravage western Japan and cause significant loss of national life and property, and its lessons are worth thinking.
First of all, the disaster again shows that the local public infrastructure in Japan is still far from the "strong land", and the defense ability of major natural disasters, such as earthquakes and floods, is insufficient. In particular, a large number of bridges, reservoirs, dams, tunnels, tunnels and public buildings in all parts of Japan have been built in the period of high speed economic growth. So far, more than half a century has become more than half a century, and the problem of aging has begun to appear, and it needs to be renovated and updated.
In the Hiroshima County, the most victims of the disaster, many local slopes of the slopes of the mountains slid down, the debris flow caused by large-scale landslides, and even the burial of residential houses. According to the Japanese media, a similar landslide occurred in the northern Hiroshima city in 2014, after which Hiroshima began to build sand control dams, but the new disaster has not been completed because of the vast area of the city.
Secondly, the financial sector is stretched to the limit. The underlying reason for the prevention of torrential rain and flood prediction is slow investment, or rather, how money is spent on it. In order to solve the problem of the gap between local and urban areas, from the end of 70s to the end of 90s, the "land renewal" was carried out, the local public utilities expanded, the central government invested in local finance continuously, and the budget of public utilities was increased from 5 trillion and 500 billion yen in 1978 to 9 trillion and 800 billion days in 1997.
After entering twenty-first Century, the pressure of financial imbalance in Japan increased dramatically. In 2002, Junichiro Koizumi, who advocated "small government", began to compress the public utility budget after being the owner of Yong Tian Cho. In the past, successive governments have followed suit, reducing the public utilities budget to 4 trillion and 600 billion yen in 2012 under the pressure of huge treasury bonds and fiscal deficits. After Abe Shinzo was in power with the "small government" position but put forward the strategy of "local creation", the public utility budget has been basically maintained at about 6 trillion yen in recent years.
The cost of water treatment has also decreased. According to Japanese media reports, the Japanese government's expenditure on water control projects in 2018 was only 796 billion 100 million yen, which was significantly reduced compared with the 1 trillion and 370 billion yen in the 1997 peak. According to the different circumstances of various rivers, the province of land and transportation has formulated 200 - year and 100 - year response plans, but no river has completed the response to the project, and the financial constraints are its main cause.
Three, a sharp decline in population and a serious aging problem have weakened the ability of local governments to cope with major natural disasters. The devastated Hiroshima and Okayama counties were lack of manpower for disaster relief and disaster relief. Lack of defense against major natural disasters has increased people's sense of insecurity, which has led to a vicious circle of population flowing to central cities.
In 2015, there were 409 people in anger island in four countries, and now there are only more than 300 inhabitants. There is only one primary school on the island. There are 6 schoolchildren and 5 teachers in the whole school. The islanders call these children angry and the treasure of the island. However, in this rainstorm disaster, one of the 6 sisters and their mothers died together. With them, not only is the life of three "alive yesterday", but also the hope of the islanders to rejuvenate their homeland.
Four, Japan's attention to rainstorms and floods is far less than natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis. For example, Japanese media reported that the Japanese enterprises' measures to deal with heavy rain were obviously weaker than other disasters.
At the same time, Japan has many bright spots in the rescue and disaster relief, such as the use of information and communication technology, the presupposition of the emergency plan, and the logistics network, which has been put forth in recent years to build, but still can deliver the relief materials efficiently. These highlights and lessons have become the mirror of rainstorm disaster and emergency relief in West Japan.
The worst disaster in thirty years! Japan's torrential rains have killed 200 people and no Chinese citizens have been killed or injured.
Wu Zheng Du Jian
This article is reprinted from the WeChat public "Xinhua International headline" (ID:interxinhua). The original title is "the worst disaster in thirty years!" Japan's heavy rains have killed 200 people, and no Chinese casualties have been reported.
Send materials for the affected overseas Chinese and foreign students
The 11 Chinese Consulate General in Osaka sent the first batch of advance groups to Okayama county and Hiroshima County, the worst hit counties, to condolence to overseas Chinese and overseas students.
The advance team went to the scene to check the houses destroyed by the heavy rain, and to convey to the Chinese Consul General in Osaka Li Tianran's high concern and cordial condolences to the victims of the disaster, and send the relief materials to the victims.
The emergency disposal team of the Chinese Consulate General in Osaka has taken various measures to coordinate the relief materials, transfer the overseas Chinese and open the green channel to ensure the personal safety of the Chinese citizens in the affected areas.
"The most serious disaster ever encountered"
This disaster is the worst disaster caused by rainfall in Japan since the death or disappearance of 299 people in Nagasaki County in 1982.
"After the disaster, the main railways and highways broke down all the time, and this became a veritable" isolated island on land ". Living in Hiroshima, Japan, Wu city residents, Yamamoto 11 told reporters.
Wu is one of the hardest hit areas in Japan. Torrential rain caused local Shan Hong and debris flows. The ferry became the only means of expedite to the outside world, and supplies were in short supply.
Tian Ying Xi District is the worst hit area in Wuhan City, where the south is surrounded by the sea, surrounded by mountains on the East and the west, and a large number of houses are built on the mountain.
Reporters in the local see, the high ground, many houses have been thoroughly destroyed by the sediment, scattered fragments of housing. The low-lying houses and land were buried by more than one person's sandy soil. Many cars could only reveal the roof of the vehicle. Broken branches and broken stones along the way can be seen everywhere, and the scene is shocking.
Many elderly residents told reporters that this is the most serious disaster they have ever encountered.
One resident said, on the evening of 6, there was a double hit of mountain torrents and landslides. Debris flows and floods swept the houses and roads along the way, causing the whole area to be buried by silt, and many people were killed.
High officials are accused of drinking parties
According to the statistics of the Ministry of land and transportation in Japan, as of the morning of 12, the impact of the rainstorm, there were 519 sandy soil disasters in 519 counties in 31 prefectures in Japan, of which 382 were landslides, 119 debris flows and 18 landslides. The worst disaster in Hiroshima county was 70 sand disasters.
Japan's Ministry of fire office data show that as at 5:30 on 12, a total of about 6700 people were evacuated.
With the increasing disaster situation, the Japanese government has failed to cope with the problem in the early stage. Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo and other Liberal Democratic Party leaders at the rainstorm drinking party, but also to the public's anger.
Faced with all the accusations, Chief Cabinet Secretary Kan Yi Wei said, "as long as we do what needs to be done", there will be no problem in the gathering.
On 12 days, Abe Shinzo said at the "very disaster countermeasures" meeting that it would provide 71 thousand sets of temporary housing for the affected areas, and to provide financial assistance to the rehabilitation of local government's disposal of disaster waste and the recovery of disaster treatment facilities.
Editor in responsibility: Huo Yuang
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