US Secretary of state three months three visit North Korea us to DPRK nuclear demand change

US Secretary of state three months three visit North Korea us to DPRK nuclear demand change

Original title: Secretary of state for three months, three visits to North Korea, Kim Jeong-eun: "no"

Source: China Newsweek

Pompeio visited the DPRK for three degrees: the US DPRK talks were stuck

Wen / Li Jiacheng

On his third flight to DPRK, President Trump spoke in the air, hoping to "bring a different bright future to the Korean people" by the Redeemer's mentality. But the visit to the United States Secretary of state Pompeio 'first night in Pyongyang did not seem to be able to achieve the results of the implementation of the meeting of the DPRK leaders in Singapore and to persuade the DPRK to give up its nuclear guidance plan.

After Peng Pao's trip to Pyongyang in from July 5th to 7th, North Korea and the United States gave a different voice to the results of the visit, showing a disagreement about the surprise of the outside world. Pompeio said the talks were "fruitful", and the two sides made progress on almost all core issues, especially the timetable for the denuclearization of the DPRK. The spokesman for the DPRK's foreign affairs province felt "extremely regrettable" and "extremely worried" about the attitude and position of the US side during the talks during Pompeio's visit to the United States.

In a short period of three months, this was the third visit to Pyongyang by Peng Pao, but it was the only time to be met by the top leader of the DPRK, Kim Jeong-eun, in Pyongyang.

Trust construction

Pompeio's two day trip to Pyongyang was the first face-to-face meeting between the highest level diplomat of the United States and the DPRK since the supreme leader Kim Jeong-eun and US President Trump signed a joint statement in Singapore last month.

Pompeio, the head of the South Korean Mission Center of the Central Intelligence Agency, Andrew Kim, the spokesman Heather Nolte of the State Council, Alison Hook of the National Security Council, the assistant secretary of defense Randall Schriever, and the ambassador of the United States to Philippines from land to Pyongyang and the ambassador of the former South Korea Wait.

Before the third visit of pontoo, the US North Korean nuclear policy goal was once "complete, verifiable and irreversible" (complete, verifiable and irreversible, CVID), and became a gradual "final, fully verified final, fully-verified D" (final, fully-verified d). Enuclearizeation, FFVD). Although this is not a formal change, it signifies that the United States has changed its demands on North Korea's abandonment of nuclear weapons.

The first day of the US delegation held a nearly three hour meeting with the DPRK in Pyongyang, with the main content of "trust building". The US side stressed that the two sides stressed the need for mutual trust in the face of growing doubts about the "denuclearization" commitments of the DPRK. In response, Jin Yongzhe responded to Pompeio in person, "the more you come, the more trust we can build."

Pompeio is now facing the pressure of time. In August this year, the United States and South Korea should have held joint military exercises, but according to Trump's statement in Singapore, these exercises have been declared cancelled. The greater pressure is that Trump has repeatedly claimed in social media and other public places that the North Korean nuclear test site has been destroyed, the remains of the prisoners and missing persons have been sent back, but the two things are in fact only in the advanced stage.

Before Pompeio's visit to Pyongyang, many analysts pointed out that the US side got the list of "abandoned objects" more important than the abolished schedule. If you don't get a timetable or get a list of abandoned nuclear facilities, the United States is likely to be dragged by the nose by the DPRK's procrastination tactics, even the situation on the peninsula worsens again and falls into a huge crisis that no one wants to see.

In July 1st, the American ambassador to Philippines and the former ambassador to Korea led the United States delegation to hold consultations with Cui Shanji, Vice Minister of the Ministry of foreign affairs of the Korean Foreign Affairs Province, to discuss the next step in the implementation of the meeting of the US and the DPRK leaders. White House spokesman Sarah Sanders talked about this consultation at a regular press conference on 2, and said, "we are making continuous progress. We talked yesterday well."

In consultation with Cui Shanji in Panmunjom, Kim Cheng asked the DPRK to take initial measures to declare hidden nuclear items. On the basis of this "preparation," Pompeio's trip to Pyongyang asked the DPRK to take more substantive steps to disarmament, including the submission of nuclear warheads and missile arsenal.

But during a meeting with Pompeio, North Korean officials proposed to dismantle a missile engine test ground and negotiate the remains of American active servicemen who were repatriated in the Korean War. In return, they suggested that the United States take "sync" action, expand bilateral exchanges, slow down even the early lifting of sanctions against the DPRK, and declare an end to the state of the Korean War in July. North Korea says this is the first step in building confidence. But the United States is still hesitant about announcing the end of the war.

So far, the DPRK has taken "irreversible" action to destroy its underground nuclear test ground, while the United States has only adopted a "reversible" action to suspend joint military exercises with South Korea. Therefore, the DPRK believes that the US side has insisted on the CVID's unilateral disarming of the DPRK. In talks with Jincheng, North Korea basically refused to respond to the key provisions trying to define the final agreement, including complete, verifiable and irreversible wording.

For a long time, the DPRK has been refusing the CVID plan proposed by the US side, but requires the United States to take reciprocal measures in each "phased" step in order to achieve the denuclearization.

Confidence remains

North Korea's pessimistic assessment of the talks has also raised people's concerns. The vague commitment to the "denuclearization of the Korean peninsula" in the joint statement issued after the meeting has made the outside world skeptical about the sincerity of the denuclearization of the DPRK and the diplomatic efforts of the United States to promote the abandonment of the North Korea, and many believe that the DPRK is a challenge to continue the delay and "doomed to failure of the negotiations." Four.

But supporters of the Trump administration's new strategy for the DPRK pointed out that at least the DPRK has stopped provocative nuclear test. During his visit, ponpao urged the DPRK to take "real action, real change" in order to achieve the comprehensive, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization that he promised by Kim Jeong-eun.

However, so far, North Korea has abandoned the Feng Xi Li nuclear test site only before the DPRK leaders meet. US intelligence agencies recently discovered that North Korea expanded weapons facilities, concealed weapons and made weapons facilities to "upgrade" nuclear reactors quickly. The US media even suspect that North Korea is trying to hide nuclear facilities, pointing out that North Korea has been hiding two times its uranium enrichment facilities on the Yongbyon scale.

In this situation, Pompeio's third visit to the DPRK was also considered the most fruitless visit. The progress made in this visit to the DPRK is mainly procedural and substantive denuclearization still exists. The DPRK and the US have yet to reach agreement on the core issues of denuclearization, such as the timetable, roadmap and operational procedures of the denuclearization of North Korea. However, the north and the U. S. consultations are still further advancing, and the two sides still say they will hold follow-up talks, further consultations on the remains of the US soldiers and the DPRK to dismantle the East Cang Li missile engine test ground.

However, in the "extremely worried" talk on the outcome of Pompeio's visit to the DPRK, the DPRK still had "confidence" in Trump. It pointed out that building the mutual trust atmosphere and solving the problem with the principle of stage action at the same time, "it is the path to realize the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula."

According to the introduction of a spokesman for the Ministry of foreign affairs of the DPRK, before the talks, Jin Yingzhe handed Pompeio's personal letter to Trump from Kim Jeong-eun. Kim Jeong-eun said he had a good relationship with Trump through the Singapore meeting, looking forward to and firmly believing that his "confidence" in Trump would be further strengthened through this high - level talks and future dialogue.

The writer is a research fellow of the economic and political research center of Liaoning University.

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The DPRK concerned about Pompeio's third visit to North Korea expressed concern about progress made by the US side.

Editor in responsibility: Zhang Yu

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