Source: Science and Technology Daily
Original title: China is developing a terrible "sea battle kill device"?
Hongkong's "South China Morning Post" recently revealed that China is developing XLUUV, the super large underwater unmanned underwater vehicle. Reported that the unmanned submarine can operate autonomously for several months, and can perform reconnaissance, deploy mines and even attack enemy ships. The report also pointed out that around 2021, China will deploy the unmanned submarines in strategic areas such as the South China Sea and the Western Pacific.
In response, Li Jie, a military expert, said that the development of various types of military and civilian unmanned submarines in China was disclosed very early. "As a big ocean country, the development of Underwater Unmanned submarines in our country is not enough to enhance the ability of unmanned submarines to deal with unmanned submarines, and the purpose is to better protect national sovereignty and territorial security."
A number of military experts say
The research progress of unmanned submarines in China is exaggerated
In the past, there were many UUV (unmanned submarine vehicle) with various functions in various countries, but most of the functions were single and could only perform a specific task. The Chinese unmanned submarines reported by the South China Morning Post are comprehensive. Underwater reconnaissance, intelligence collection, underwater target or surface target detection, enemy and US identification and threat judgment, weapon attack in one, or even a suicide attack against the enemy's aircraft carrier group, like a underwater missile that can complete someone. Most of the functions of the submarine.
Many media also disclose specific information, such as no need to be equipped with drivers, like regular submarines to dock on the wharf, carry out their own ports, carry out tasks and return to the base, take a diesel engine, carry out a mission for several months at sea, and can carry large arms and other equipment with missiles and torpedo in the sea for several months. Collaborating with water, land and even space weapons systems to perform tasks together, it can also rely on artificial intelligence technology to make decisions on complex seabed environments, such as changing course and depth to avoid reconnaissance, distinguishing military and civilian ship targets, selecting the best route to reach its destination, and so on. In addition, lessons can be learned from the sinking of other submarines and constantly adjust their strategies. It is very humanized, informational and intelligent.
Li Jie pointed out that large unmanned submarines are not the "magic" of media rendering. They mainly perform the following tasks:
First, the use of concealment and quiet, quietly latent in the other side of the port, base and other related areas to collect information information, as well as the underwater navigation targets to ambush.
The second is to encircle and attack the submarines and large and medium-sized surface targets of the other side, especially the aircraft carriers, by means of "wolf pack tactics" of multi-direction, multi-level and three-dimensional.
Thirdly, mine clearance, mine hunting, mine cutting and blasting are carried out to eliminate the dangerous underwater targets.
The four is anti submarine, using a large number of advantages, lurk in the sea area which the large submarines may pass through position ambush or implement multi direction and multi-level underwater saturation strike.
Zhang Junshe, a Chinese naval military expert, also said in an interview with the media that the South China Morning Post exaggerated the research progress of China's unmanned submarine. He said that the research technology of American unmanned submarines is far ahead of the rest of the world. The so-called "China Underwater Unmanned submarines challenge the dominance of the west" is completely exaggerated and does not conform to the facts.
The researchers involved in the project said that the research of unmanned submarines in China is still in the early stages, and there are many technical and engineering barriers before the actual deployment. China's unmanned submarines will not carry nuclear weapons, because the main advantage of unmanned submarines is that they are produced and operated on a relatively low cost scale.
The Shenyang Institute of automation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) is the development unit of the main underwater military robot in China. Lin Yang, the director of the center for marine information technology and equipment, recently interviewed the South China Morning Post, said the project was a "counter measure" for other countries to actively pursue the defense system. However, he did not disclose technical details and specifications, because he was still in secrecy.
Performance characteristics of Hong Kong media disclosure
Unmanned submarines suspected of being developed by US forces
It has been analyzed that the characteristics of the unmanned submarines in China are being developed by the Hong Kong media, which coincides with the goals of the so-called "large-scale and intelligent" unmanned submarines pursued by the United States and Russia. Li Jie said that in addition to commonalities, China's unmanned submarines have their own uniqueness.
An analysis of the Global Times said two years ago that the United States announced the development of the super unmanned Submarines (XLUUV) project, the "killer whale", a large, remote unmanned submarine that carries various sensors and weapons, and is most similar to the expert's analysis of "a multi - function weapon platform".
The report further points out that more than 2000 nautical miles from the XLUUV, it is enough to return from Philippines to Shanghai. It can also set up mines for hundreds of miles away, automatically operate for several weeks or even months, and regularly liaison with the base to receive new tasks. The project is planned to carry out the sea trial in 2020.
Li Jie pointed out that the United States is the world's most comprehensive, mature, most advanced, most advanced, with the most kind and the largest number of unmanned underwater vehicles in the world. At the same time, it is put into practice to deploy it in the various strategic waters of the world.
Science and Technology Daily reported that the United States has been spared no effort in developing the unmanned submersible. As early as 1994, the United States put the development of underwater unmanned submersible vehicle in the plan. In 1999, the United States Navy proposed a complete set of unmanned aerial vehicles development program, hoping to increase development and development, as soon as possible to achieve similar UAVs of the versatility and versatility. Subsequently, the US Navy upgraded the unmanned submersible to the same position as the drone, the unmanned combat vehicle and the machine soldier. In February this year, the media revealed that the United States tried to develop a "underwater carrier", that is, deploying unmanned Submarines (UUV) on an attack nuclear submarine to search for and attack enemy submarines, seeking innovation in the way unmanned submarines are fighting.
Russian President Putin disclosed the research and development plan of "Poseidon" unmanned underwater vehicle in his state of the Union address in March this year. Putin claimed that these unmanned submarines can be equipped with conventional warheads and nuclear bombs, can destroy enemy infrastructure, ship-borne naval task forces and other targets. The Russian Defense Ministry recently announced that its nuclear powered submersible "Poseidon" has nearly unlimited endurance, equipped with an oversize nuclear weapon that destroys the aircraft carrier formation and coastal facilities at InterContinental distance. Media reports also say that Russia is developing a Status-6 ultra long-distance underwater underwater vehicle capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
"Russia has always targeted the United States in strategy," Li Jie said. "So there is a good result in the field of unmanned submarines. At present, the number of unmanned submarines in Russia is not much, but the overall technology is more advanced." He said that countries such as Japan, Britain, France and Israel continue to invest in unmanned submarines, but they are not advanced in R & D, because they are less than us and Russia.
Is it a terrible weapon of automation?
Human beings still hold the right to attack today
More than 2400 senior executives, researchers and scholars in three countries, such as Elon Mask and SpaceX's chief executive, have signed a public letter against the use of automated weapons, the chief executive of Tesla and SpaceX.
In this regard, Li Jie said, "unmanned submarines in the past technology and operational purposes are not clear, now developed into an intelligent, autonomous and information-based operational platform, can be controlled autonomously to complete the operational task. At present, there is no need for 'unmanned submarines uncontrolled' concerns." Chinese researchers involved in the project also said that the final decision on whether to launch an attack is still in the hands of commanders.
Unmanned submarines have become an important development direction for future submarines because of the advantages of low cost, concealment and quiet, mass delivery, no casualties in operations, and joint operation. "It is worth mentioning that unmanned submarines can not only take the active attack or defensive strike on the established targets, but also adjust the combat style according to the situation and new situation according to the situation and make a new attack plan. Even if there is a sudden or unfavorable situation, emergency withdrawal or evasion can be taken immediately. "Li Jie said.
For example, the cost advantage, the traditional manned submarine to consider the safety of personnel and comfort of life, resulting in a straight rise in costs. The U.S. Navy's Ohio-class submarines cost $2 billion, and the total R&D and procurement costs of 12 Columbus-class submarines reached $120 billion. The cost of unmanned submarines is only 2% or 0.4% of the former. On the contrary, unmanned submarines can carry out large-scale attacks on high value submarines without considering the physiological limits of the human body, with extraordinary submersible depth, fast speed and unpredictable route of action.
In September 2017, a well-known US think tank issued a report entitled "Restoration of US Sea Power", requiring the US Navy to equip future super-large and intelligent unmanned submarines. Li Jie believes that unmanned submarine vehicles are gradually developing into intelligent, large-scale, cheap, multi-mission integrated combat capability. "Not only can" single hand "fight, and the unmanned combat warships, unmanned aerial vehicles and space air combat aircraft will also have to be combined to carry out joint operations in the future." He said.
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