The U. S. Department of Commerce announced 30 restrictions on the export of high-tech products to India, giving it the same purchasing power as NATO allies, which paved the way for India to import the latest military equipment and technology. In the near future, India and US arms dealers have reached a series of military purchase intentions. Both sides expect to reach a package of military purchase agreements before the "2+2" high-level talks in September.
Analysts pointed out that India, while maintaining the Russian traditional military cooperation, increased the import of weaponry from the United States and tried to make use of the military trade between the great powers. However, the dependence on arms imports is a test of the Indian army's integration and digestion capability.
The imprint of American military trade
Ross, the US Commerce Minister, said India's strategic trade license was given to facilitate the export of high-tech military products and export controlled civilian products to India, indicating that India is "the promotion of the status of US Defense partners".
Analysts pointed out that the United States would not only facilitate the introduction of advanced military equipment and technology in India, but also pave the way for the US and India to sign the "communications, compatibility and security agreements". The United States hopes to sign the agreement in the forthcoming "2+2" high-level talks in order to install American communications devices on the weapons and equipment for export to India, and to further "bind" India with military equipment and technology.
India is looking for a large number of retired Russian "MIG" series of main fighters to find alternatives, bringing business opportunities to the American military aviation giants and the rapid warming of the US and India military cooperation.
In the scramble for orders for India fighter planes, US arms dealers took the lead. Recently, the U. S. Boeing, Lockhead Martin and other arms dealers released news, said that the Indian side to reach a large list of military trade intentions, will be exported to the Indian army a number of advanced fighters, multipurpose helicopters and transport aircraft, reconnaissance aircraft, UAV and so on.
In order to get big Indian orders, American arms dealers are willing to make joint ventures with Indian companies, sell technology and even move production lines to India. Lockhead Martin announced in March that it will set up a global production center for F-16 fighters in India, not only for India to produce the most advanced Block series of F-16, but also for the maintenance of the global F-16 fighter.
In April, Boeing signed a cooperation agreement with India Stan airlines and Ma Hengda defense company, which will promote the production of F/A-18E/F "super Bumblebee" fighters in India. Boeing has built a factory in India and has been working with India Tata company to produce the Apache helicopter gunship.
Hard to seal the Russian Army
India and the United States hope to use the "2 + 2" high-level talks to finalize specific matters of military cooperation between the two countries and achieve the landing of military trade contracts. The talks between American Defense Minister Matisse, Secretary of state Pompeio and India defense Sita Raman and foreign minister Svard Raj were supposed to be held in March, but multiple reasons led to the delay in the meeting, one of the important reasons for which the United States was dissatisfied with India's purchase of anti-aircraft missile system from Russia.
Despite the threat of US sanctions, India insists on importing the S-400 "triumphant" anti-aircraft missile system made by Diamond-Antai from Russia. Indian and Russian media reported that India and Russia have reached an agreement on this military purchase, India will invest nearly $6 billion to buy about five regiments of S-400 air defense missile systems.
India's decision meant the failure of the U.S. effort to sell the Patriot missile system to India, putting the U.S. in a dilemma that was all about winning over India. Earlier, the United States threatened to sanction sanctions against third countries and third country companies that had military cooperation with Russia.
But the United States quickly slowed down after its failure. The U.S. Defense Authorization Act of FY2019 recently released gives the president the power to exempt countries from sanctions for purchasing Russian military equipment. Analysts pointed out that the relevant provisions are tailored to countries such as India. The U.S. Defense Department is pushing for exemptions from countries like India because Defense Secretary Matisse fears sanctions could push potential partners to Russia.
Since the Soviet Union provided the first weapon to India in 1960s, more than 70% of the armed forces of the India, sea, sea and air armed forces were related to the Soviet and Russian products or the Russian military technical cooperation. India's dependence on Russian military trade is deep-rooted, and the United States is unable to turn it around for a time.
Test integration ability
Dr. Hu Xin, the Institute of strategic and safety research at University of International Relations, National University of Defense Technology, believes that India buys us Russian weapons at the same time, one is that US Russian weapons can indeed meet their needs to some extent, and the two is to seek a balance between the two powers politically. However, because of the lack of independent R&D capability and the weak level of production, manufacturing and maintenance, India's weaponry is characterized by a "mixed bag of nations".
At present, India lacks the ability to integrate various weapon systems. In practical applications, incompatibility and mutual interference between weapons from many countries are very easy to affect the efficiency of the war. For example, the India Navy wants to carry a larger American double - hair fighter on the first homemade aircraft carrier, "vickland", but it is subject to the Russian carrier ejection system and can only use single fighter jets such as the Russian "MIG".
In order to pave the way for American fighter jets, the United States has approved the sale of the advanced electromagnetic ejection system to India, but the system can only be used on the planned second India home-made "villa", and the "villa" has not even been approved by the Ministry of defense of India.
After Modi, the Prime Minister of India came to power, he proposed a "India made" plan to vigorously develop the local military industry and reduce its dependence on imported weapons, including the accession to local production and technology transfer clauses in the military purchase agreement, the joint venture with the foreign arms merchants and the India enterprises, and the encouragement of private enterprises to participate in the competition of the military industry. Shi.
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