New Beijing News (Reporter Ni Wei) "Youth Blue Book - China Minors Internet Use and Reading Practice Report (2017-2018)" was released in Beijing today (September 10). According to the blue paper, the phenomenon of excessive Internet use is common among minors, which occupies a lot of spare time of minors. More than 54% of minors surf the Internet for more than one hour at a time, and 30% of them surf the Internet for more than two hours at a time.
The blue book shows that excessive Internet usage affects the physical development of minors. The survey found that many teenagers who go online cause vision loss, decreased outdoor exercise and musculoskeletal disorders. According to the Capital Internet Association survey, the current situation of minors'eyesight is generally poor, and the degree of myopia has an increasing trend every year, and the Internet has a great relationship, more than 90% of minors use digital equipment before going to bed every day.
Excessive Internet access also crowding many young people's learning time. The survey shows that about 28.8% of students use mobile phones to surf the Internet during their study, such as in class, during class and homework; many students use mobile phones in the classroom standby state, which to a certain extent makes students distracted in class, reduces the enthusiasm of students to participate in the classroom, affecting the effect of classroom learning.
In addition, excessive Internet access will also bring shallow reading, Internet addiction, information lost and other phenomena, which have adverse effects on the healthy growth of minors.
"The new situation of network development makes minors not only the recipient of information, but also the publisher. We urgently need to enhance the minors'Internet use literacy and guide them to obtain information, identify information and publish information correctly. Tang Xujun, director of the Institute of Journalism and communication, Chinese Academy of Sciences, told reporters. The phenomenon of "cultural feedback" appears in the development of the Internet. Many parents'Internet knowledge comes from their children's imparting, which leads to the lack of enlightenment education on the Internet.
Some experts pointed out that some schools Internet education still stay in teaching students to prevent viruses, protect the computer, but did not teach children to protect themselves. Ji Weimin, editor-in-chief of the Blue Book and deputy director of the Institute of Journalism and Communication of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that the Internet is not a monster of floods and that this generation of "Internet aborigines" can not be separated from the Internet. However, laws, schools, families, enterprises and other forces should work together to educate children and form a good network environment and habits for them.
The blue paper suggests that education authorities should introduce policies to encourage primary and secondary schools to carry out courses such as "network self-presentation", "network personal information security", "network social interaction" and so on, which should be included in the scope of school assessment and students'entrance grades.
In view of the threat of harmful information on the Internet to teenagers, Ji Weimin suggested that not only the relevant information issuing enterprises should be punished, but also the industry should form a self-discipline mechanism. "Violation of industry rules will be severely punished, or even banned. If enterprises are aware of the consequences, they will consciously create an environment conducive to teenagers using the Internet."
The blue paper is based on the results of the Ninth Internet Survey of Minors in China (2017). The sample covers 90 schools in 10 provinces and cities scientifically sampled. 6156 valid questionnaires were sent to the press conference by the Institute of Journalism and Communication of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the Social Sciences Literature Publishing House and the Children's Development Service of China. The center and China Youth Palace Association jointly held.
Editor: Yang Ziming
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