Original title: too many traps, legs are not enough, processing "Guanzhong trap" who is living heart?
It is necessary to discuss Guan Zhong's trap on the Internet. The description of this trap is as follows:
The so-called "Guan Zhong trap", the core is "to make a hole" - there is only one profit-making channel, way...
That is, the state uses political, economic and legal means to control all channels of livelihood while monopolizing the distribution of social wealth, so that the people want to survive and develop, it is necessary to rely on the gift of the monarch (state), so that the monarch can arbitrarily enslave the people under his rule.
This idea was first created by Guan Zhong, a famous statesman and pioneer of pre Qin Dynasty in the early spring and Autumn period.
Guan Zhong's original words are: "those who benefit from a hole are invincible to their country; those who go out of a hole are semi-submissive; those who go out of a hole are not allowed to raise their troops; those who go out of a hole are doomed to their country." The prophet knew it, so the people envied (excess money), pass (limit) its advantages, so give it in the king, seize it in the king, poor in the king, rich in the king. Therefore, the people wear on the sun and the moon.
This idea has been regarded as the golden rule by the autocratic monarchs of the past dynasties, and has become the golden rule of personal control with Chinese characteristics.
Guan Zhong, as the Prime Minister of Qi, was a famous financial expert in the Spring and Autumn Period. One of his core ideas was to control the profit channel by the state power and distribute social wealth. They call it Guan Zhong trap.
It is said that Guan Zhong has nationalized brothels for the sake of the rich country. Even the clients and prostitutes have to make a profit and the state has to decide the price of the prostitutes. Hold.
In practice, Guan Zhong's nationalization policy of "making a hole" has achieved remarkable results. In a short time, Qi became the richest state in the Spring and Autumn Period. And this set was later learned by Shang Yang who practiced reform in Qin Dynasty. There are a lot of words in Shang Jun Shu which copied Guan Zi.
"The desire of the people is ten thousand, but the profit comes out."
"To make a hole, many countries, ten holes, few things. He who guards one will govern, and the ten shall be chaotic.
The difference between Shang Yang's economic policy and Qi's is that he not only enriched the country, but also strengthened the army (relatively speaking, the Qi people were afraid of war), which laid the economic and military foundation for Qin's sweeping Liuhe.
Similarly, why can Qin be more successful than Qi? This is an urgent need for economic historians to explain.
The biggest problem of Guan Zhong trap is the confusion of semantic logic. Since it is called a "trap", it has negative elements, telling you not to jump in, but Qi and Qin jumped in, but the effect is very good, what is the trap?
Guan Zhong's ideal economic model is "taking the throne", "the poor are in the king, and the rich are in the king". In fact, this is rare in China's political system of thousands of years, "the people wear it like the sun and the moon, and the emperor is like the parents." The distribution of economic benefits depends on the nose of a dictatorial monarch.
Comparing the various so-called traps that we often immerse in, we can see a big problem of Guan Zhong's trap.
After the concept of Thucydides Trap was invented by American Graham Allison, it has attracted widespread attention in the economic and political circles of China and the United States in a short time. One of the reasons may be that it relies on some historical facts behind the concept. Similarly, the "middle-income trap" can also be seen in Eastern Europe and South America. China should be alert to repeat the same mistake. Similarly, in the field of economics, there are many terms with "trap" such as debt trap, consumption trap, but "pipe trap" is still lack of a certain degree of consensus in the academic community, temporarily staying in the hypothetical stage.
But if this "Guanzhong trap" wants to justify itself, I'm afraid it will add such a sentence, "See why the Qin Dynasty was so short-lived? It is because the Qin Kingdom has fallen into the trap of Guan Zhong, and it will be lost in such a short period of time.
If so, the intention of Guan Zhong's trap seems to be to provide an economic explanation for the rise and fall of the dynasty's historical cycle law, but the originator of this formulation seems not to be so, but to fall into such a sentence: "This idea has been regarded as the golden rule of the people by autocratic monarchs of successive dynasties, and is being implemented." The golden rule of personal control in China. "
The makers of Guan Zhong's trap may have seriously overestimated the so-called "despotism" of ancient Chinese monarchs.
From Qin Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, the emperors were trapped in the system predicament of "the imperial power does not go down to the county", and they were in the swaying of the county and the feudalism for a long time. "The admiration of the people (excess money), the narrow (restriction) of its advantages" was even more out of the question. If the end of Ming Dynasty was taken as an example, the emperor would like to enjoy a good one. The taste of "Guan Zhong trap", but the Donglin Party can not let him "make a profit".
Therefore, the "Guanzhong trap" may still be used to tell today's financial sector policymakers to restrain government power, relax economic control, or, in other words, the country's withdrawal from the people's progress, in many industries can no longer "profit a hole".
Guan Zhong trap attacked the autocratic monarchy and personal control of the past dynasties, but the implicit intention was probably to open the way for privatization.
Simply talking about privatization is commendatory and derogatory. But if it involves national economy and people's livelihood of major projects, national defense, transportation and infrastructure construction, as well as related to the people's personal health and safety of the industry, "profit hole" is a trap?
The long life vaccine case has taught us a lesson.
In a word, Guan Zhong's therapy in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period may be regarded as a kind of "chicken blood" potent medicine, which can be regarded as a hero in all the kingdoms, but this does not mean that Guan Zhong's prescription has completely failed today, and has become a so-called "trap".
Editor in chief: Zhang Yan
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