Original title: African hog cholera attack, can we eat pork?
Since August this year, the news about "African swine fever" has not stopped. There is a plague of pigs * coming from Africa in many parts of the country.
At the same time, a picture similar to the following is also circulating in a circle of friends.
At a time when people are in a panic, many people will ask, is it true like these news? Is African swine fever coming, can pork be eaten at ease?
Too long to read the edition
The news is false. Recently, there has not been a large number of people infected with the virus.
The African swine fever virus only infects pigs * and does not infect humans. * the pig industry is an economic disaster, but pork is still safe.
Once an outbreak occurs, swine fever * pigs will be culled and will not flow to the market.
* swine infectious diseases such as swine flu and foot and mouth disease can be transmitted to humans for a small chance. Adequate cooking of pork is a feasible way to prevent it.
1. Is the news real?
Rumors like this circle of friends appeared as early as 2016. But every time they change into different cities.
For this rumor, as long as the city as a clue, a little search, it is not difficult to find that such a thing has not actually happened.
Not to mention the rumors that poultry and livestock are not clearly known, "poultry, especially pork" is simply unable to Tucao. It is simply using the recent outbreak of the African swine fever epidemic, as well as human sympathy to win the transmission.
2. Is pork still edible?
Perhaps more people are concerned about the fact that the * pestilence of Africa has not stopped since August. In this case, we eat pork is not particularly careful, is it better not to eat pork?
In fact, this is a misunderstanding of Classical Swine Fever. Pork is still safe to eat.
The fundamental reason is that the swine fever virus does not infect human beings. Even if you eat a sick pig * and we assume that there is a live virus, you can not get sick.
Although swine fever virus does not infect humans, it * s a disaster for pigs. After * infection, the incubation period is 5-9 days. Once the disease is developed, it is incurable and the mortality rate is almost 100%. And the virus is still very infectious, can be transmitted through insects (ticks), body fluids, feed, water and other ways. Pigs often "die * a whole nest".
Because of this, the swine fever virus is * an economic catastrophe for the pig industry. Pork prices often rise when swine fever happens. That's what we really need to worry about.
3. Will we have plague pork?
You may think that, despite this, we still do not want to eat sick pigs * meat. Indeed, although the meat of * sick pigs does not cause disease, we still want to eat fresh and guaranteed pork.
Fortunately, according to the current epidemic control measures of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, the probability of eating hog pestilence is extremely low.
First of all, no matter where the pig industry is, when pigs * * * epidemic occurs, all live pigs in the pig farm will be killed and treated harmlessly.
The so-called innocuous treatment is * directly destroying the body of a pig by way of wet or burning.
Only in this way can we ensure that the source of infection is strictly controlled and that the infection of CSFV will not continue.
But this is not enough. * all the people and tools that have been exposed to the pig have to be cleaned and sterilized. It is confirmed that the virus will not be brought out before it can really control the source of infection.
Under this strict prevention and control mechanism, the possibility of eating pork is very low.
Even if we did buy classical pork, the virus would not survive cooking --- experiments showed that it could be inactivated at 55 30 minutes, or 60 10 minutes. According to the temperature of the daily cooking, the virus can only survive for a few seconds.
4. Is there swine * infectious disease that we need to worry about?
Since swine fever virus * does not infect humans, what about other swine infectious diseases?
In fact, there are also some pig infectious diseases, such as swine flu and foot and mouth disease, which are * * * * e that will really infect humans.
Swine flu is the * * virus that infects pigs. It is rare to infect humans, but it has happened in history. For example, in 1988, there was a * swine flu outbreak in Wisconsin, USA.
Now scientists have speculated that the outbreak of the * 1918 Spanish flu probably came from pigs. In addition, a large outbreak of * swine flu appeared in 2009. Only later genetic analysis showed that the strain of 2009 was only part of the gene derived from * * virus, rather than the real "swine flu virus".
* foot-and-mouth disease is also a relatively contagious disease of pigs. Foot and mouth disease occurred in Taiwan in 1997, in Britain in 2001 and 2007, and in Japan in 2010. Humans in close contact with animals may also be infected, but this is rare and most of the symptoms are mild and life-threatening.
In addition * some parasites that live in pigs need to be careful. For example, Taenia solium, humans are the only ultimate hosts. If people eat pork tapeworms, and not fully cooked pork, tapeworms will reproduce in the human body, leading to the occurrence of tapeworm disease.
How can we prevent these infectious diseases? In addition to avoiding contact with diseased pigs and selecting qualified and reassuring pork, it is important to cook the meat thoroughly before eating.
This is because the viruses and parasites in these pork are not heat resistant. Heating them for a long time will kill them. Therefore, as long as the pork is fully cooked, there is no need to worry about the risk of infectious diseases and parasites.
Editor in chief: Zhang Yan
Waonews is a news media from China, with hundreds of translations, rolling updates China News, hoping to get the likes of foreign netizens