800 million "Internet users" is the biggest problem of digital economy governance.


800 million

Author: Ma Chaojiang

We have achieved remarkable results in pursuing the Internet economic development model of how fast, good and economical, and can not cover up the shortcomings and shortcomings in legal system construction, social credit system, education popularization, industrial foundation, social management and so on.

According to the 42nd Statistics Report on the Development of China's Internet, the number of Internet users in China has reached 802 million and the number of mobile phone users has reached 788 million by June 2018.

New formats and modes based on Internet platform not only foster new momentum and inject new vitality into economic development, but also bring great convenience to public life, study, work and entertainment.

Governance issues restrict the healthy development of digital economy

But how much convenience does the Internet bring to it? From Internet addiction teenagers, game fans, mobile phone control, to network fraud, vicious competition, digital divide and so on, bring new problems and challenges to the economic development of society, and increase a large number of uncertain risks.

Recently, the homicide of a windmill driver on an Internet-shared travel platform has aroused widespread heated discussion. There are many analyses and comments on suspects, victims, Internet platforms and national governance. Many opinions hold that there are deviations in the operating concept of the shared platform, and loopholes in the management and service mechanisms, which give criminals an opportunity to take advantage of.

In fact, in the digital economy, where wildfires are spreading, loopholes exist in the rules, mechanisms, procedures and implementation processes of regulatory services at all levels. Many shared economic platforms at home and abroad will produce similar problems. In the field of digital economy, such vicious incidents occur repeatedly. The fundamental reason lies in the imperfection of governance system and the shortage of supervision and service capability.

The problem of governance has always been and will be a great shadow of restricting the healthy development of the digital economy in the future. Digital economy governance refers to the governance of Internet, digital technology and data resources. Because of the complexity, asymmetry, freshness and rapid change of cyberspace superposition of economic and social activities, the governance of digital economy is very difficult.

Firstly, the legal system is not perfect, and the construction of relevant laws and regulations lags behind the actual needs; secondly, the construction of regulatory information capacity lags behind, and the regulatory capacity to respond to the new format and new mode of business is beyond our reach; thirdly, the boundary of platform responsibility is not clear enough, and the sense of social responsibility of the Internet platform is far from meeting our expectations. Fourth, consumers and the public as a relatively weak party, lack of awareness and prevention of potential threats and risks in digital economic activities.

We have achieved remarkable results in pursuing the Internet economic development model of how fast, good and economical, and can not cover up the shortcomings and shortcomings in legal system construction, social credit system, education popularization, industrial foundation, social management and so on. The Internet is like a huge magic mirror that can be focused on. Many times, through various events, it reflects the social ecology of our present ignorance, arrogance, ignorance and even lack of moral bottom line. This state may not be fundamentally changed in the short term.

Perfecting digital economy governance should start with people

The cold reality tells us that while enjoying digital economic welfare, avoiding harm and improving governance is the only way out, but also a long and arduous road.

The deepening of the information revolution is an irreversible historical process. Whether you unload a windmill or not, challenges will be everywhere. The future will be a new era in which everything is interconnected, artificial intelligence, block chain, etc. will accelerate the digital, networked and intelligent transformation. The digital economy will become a major opportunity to lead the reform and development. Those who do not seize it may have no future. So our only choice is to welcome it, understand it, and get along with it.

We will live in the future surrounded by networks and intelligent machines. Although man has created all this, the relationship between man and machine will be brand-new. More humanized machines and more machine-dependent people will mold, adapt and accomplish each other. Governing networks and machines must start from governing the world of man.

We should perfect digital governance by digital means, perfect Internet trust system and optimize digital economic governance system by constructing social credit platform based on large data fusion, so as to restrain its evil motive and evil space.

The digital economy is based on the information network space, physical space, human social space three-dimensional fusion of fission development, governance philosophy, objectives, models, methods, tools need to be adjusted, to enjoy the benefits of digital economy, we need our society to have new wisdom and new actions. Digital economic governance is not only the responsibility of the government, but also requires platforms, enterprises, consumers, social organizations and the public to play an unprecedented role.

Of course, the Internet itself can not improve the majority of low-income, legal illiteracy, lack of knowledge and skills, children's education and mental health problems, to calmly face the new wave of digital economy, to effectively identify its good, evil, beauty and ugliness, we must steadily complement the shortcomings of social construction, concerned about the comprehensive development of every citizen.

Otherwise, various economic and social problems will continue to erupt on the Internet. For example, our left behind children problem will never be reflected only in incidental sharing platforms.

Ma Chao Jiang (director of information development policy department, National Information Center)

Editor: Yang Ziming


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