Surging news reporter Nan Bo Yi
The EU "digital single market Copyright Directive" was finally passed. Section 11 of the bill requires Internet news aggregation platforms to pay for displaying parts of the content produced by news publishers.
On September 12, the European Parliament passed the controversial Copyright Directive on the Digital Single Market by 438 votes to 226, with 39 abstentions, Reuters and AFP reported. But under the EU's legislative process, after the bill is passed by the European Parliament, members of the European Parliament can start separate negotiations with representatives of the 28 EU Member States and the European Commission, which may take months to reach a compromise on the details of the bill. Supporters of the reforms hope to pass a final bill before the European Parliament elections in May next year, so that more "doubtful" members are elected and the bill is blocked.
The bill aims to protect the rights and interests of original authors.
Reported that Article 11 of the bill gives press and publishing agencies a new type of right called neighbourhood. Specifically, if Internet companies, such as search engines and social networks, display on their Web pages some of the content produced by news publishers, including links, titles and abstracts, the press publishers can pay for the Internet news aggregation platform according to this claim. The bill also requires Internet technology companies such as Google and Facebook to use "effective content identification technology" to filter whether all content uploaded on the platform infringes copyright.
The European Commission put forward the plan in 2016, saying that the current copyright legislation system of the European Union was established in 2001 and is no longer applicable to the Internet age. The new law seeks to increase the protection of authors' rights and interests in original content such as music, film and news.
The European Parliament voted on the draft bill for the first time in July, rejecting it by 318 votes to 278, with 31 abstentions. The European Parliament subsequently received more than 200 amendments to the draft and is scheduled to vote on the revised version in September.
It is reported that the reason why the bill was rejected in July was that eleventh and thirteenth of them were highly controversial. In the original version, Article 11 required publishers to pay fees for copying summaries or links to other Web sites, such as Google News or Facebook, and was referred to as a "link tax"; Article 13 required Web platforms to censor content uploaded by users and, in the event of infringement, sites were required to act for users. Legal liability is referred to as "upload filter".
In the version of the bill passed on December 12, both provisions were slightly looser than before. Article 11 exempted the act of forwarding only titles, summaries or links, and there was no clear provision on how much percentage of content (including titles, summaries, links, text, pictures, etc.) would be charged for forwarding. The rules exempt websites from legal liability, but still require websites to develop effective technology to completely isolate all infringing content.
In addition, the European Commission on the 12th also proposed legislation requiring Internet giants such as Google, Facebook and Twitter to delete messages containing incitement or support to extremist organizations, ways of joining extremist organizations or advocacy of crimes within an hour after receiving notifications, otherwise the maximum penalty would be equivalent to their global battalions. The amount of business is 4%.
Reported that in March this year, the European Union gave Internet companies a three-month time limit to show that they have taken measures to speed up the deletion of extreme messages of posts, but the regulator pointed out that the results were not satisfactory and that legislation was necessary to enforce it. European Union Judicial Commissioner Villa Jurova described social media as facing cyber warfare and requiring powerful and targeted tools to win.
French culture minister Nissen welcomed the passage of the bill, saying it would guarantee better compensation to creators when large technology platforms use their work, thereby increasing value-sharing. Before the vote in the European Parliament, Nielsen signed a joint open letter with 200 people, including French singer Goldman and actress Xia Wei, calling on the European Parliament to face multinational technology companies, safeguard its intellectual property protection model and adopt relevant reforms.
In addition, culture ministers from European Union member states, such as Spain, have jointly published articles expressing their position: "We should not allow a small number of multinational companies to seize most of the value of other people's creations."
Mixed feelings: traditional media applauded, Internet companies worried.
This bill has been widely supported by news and publishing organizations represented by traditional media. On Sept. 4, major European news agencies such as the French Press, the British Newspaper Union and the German Deutsche Press publicly expressed their support for the new regulation. The bill is seen by supporters as a great victory in traditional media and entertainment industry.
Traditional media believe that over the years the industry has been in a deteriorating situation and a large number of editors have left their jobs, partly because Internet companies have been "plundering" the fruits of traditional media free of charge through "links" over the years, making it impossible for traditional media to obtain adequate advertising from their own mass-produced news and information products. Income.
On the one hand, creators and the media want higher incomes to support the bill; on the other hand, Internet companies and netizens have formed camps and strongly opposed it, arguing that it would undermine Internet freedom and increase the burden on websites, forcing websites to censor copyright of content uploaded by users before they can be displayed on the Internet. Critics worry that the new law will be abused by a group of "copyright hooligans", and will seriously suppress the freedom of online creation, or even become a form of censorship. Google and other US technology giants and Internet freedom groups have warned that the new rules will be a "catastrophic" blow to the global web ecosystem.
Some people believe that the impact of the new EU copyright law will change the way people use the Internet. Around the EU Copyright Reform debate, in fact, is the game between the European Internet innovation force and the Internet technology giants, but also the digital content era of European intellectual property rights improvement claims and the interests of the Internet giant platform.
Waonews is a news media from China, with hundreds of translations, rolling updates China News, hoping to get the likes of foreign netizens