Original title: Western media: China has launched an important plan on the five major ports in India ocean.
Agda Pala Peres, a political and sociological expert at Compton University in Madrid, said in a recent article entitled "China's five ports built in the Indian Ocean to assist the Maritime Silk Road," China's ports in the Indian Ocean-Pacific region are concentrated The projects are all infrastructure construction under the "one belt and one way" initiative. It is a supply station across the long line of India ocean. China's 75% energy supply goes through this line, including 75% of the oil supply. They are also the links between land segments, and are currently only commercial ports, with no plans to deploy military facilities.
In the middle of this sea route between China and Europe, Sri Lanka's Hambuntota Port perfectly meets the strategic position China seeks in the Indian Ocean, the article said. China invested $1 billion 500 million to turn the port into a commercial hub on the maritime Silk Road.
According to the article, the port of Hambuntota has been under construction since 2007 with the assistance of China and has been operating since 2012. In July 2017, Sri Lanka signed an agreement with the Chinese side to acquire 70% of the total shares of Hambuntota Port for $1.12 billion. The Chinese side will be responsible for the operation of the port and the Sri Lankan Navy is responsible for port safety. Following the handover of Hambuntota to Chinese companies, the Sri Lankan government will soon receive $300 million of the total agreement, a mechanism that will help the Sri Lankan government reduce its debt.
The article said that China's cooperation with Burma, an ally of India ocean, has complemented the construction of infrastructure in Sri Lanka. As an important node of the Maritime Silk Road, Haofu enabled China, the world's second largest oil consumer, to obtain oil supplies from Africa and the Middle East more quickly.
The Haofu Port project means that it can bypass the Strait of Malacca, thus avoiding the possibility that some countries could threaten China's energy supply by closing the Strait of Malacca.
In addition, China-Myanmar crude oil pipelines and natural gas pipelines both originated in Haofuan City, with 771 kilometers of oil pipelines in Myanmar and 50.9% and 49.1% of the pipelines being financed by China-Myanmar, the article said. The design volume of the Sino Burmese crude oil pipeline is 22 million tons per year, with a total length of more than 2000 km. China's oil import route will thus be more diversified.
The article said Djibouti is China's first overseas security base, aimed at ensuring international support against piracy and maintaining peace and stability in the region. Its strategic position has also led to the construction of the largest free trade area in Africa.
According to the article, the whole FTA project costs 3.5 billion US dollars and is expected to be completed in 10 years. Taking advantage of its position on the Maritime Silk Road, it is expected to become an important trade and logistics center in the world.
The article says Djibouti's strategic position between the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden makes it a defender of maritime routes between Africa and Europe. China's crude oil imports from this line reached 5 million 250 thousand barrels per day in 2017. This line is also a gateway for Chinese goods to arrive at the Greek Piraeus port through the Suez canal.
The article said that China's deployment in Pakistan's Gwadar Port is the flagship project of the "one belt and one road" initiative.
The article says China's increasing investment in the African continent is evident in Tanzania's Port of Bagamoyo, considered Africa's largest port and designed as a regional centre. In the interior, the colonial railways will be improved and will serve as gateways to China's many other ports in the region. A strengthened maritime strategy in East Africa will also help consolidate Bajamoo's ties with Europe and facilitate Africa's delivery of goods to Asian markets.
Editor in chief: Yu Pengfei
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