After going to Russia, the Chinese participating troops in the "Oriental-2018" strategic exercise at the Chugor training ground in the border area of Belgal began to withdraw on the 15th. This is the largest scale in the history of Chinese troops sending troops out of the country to participate in the exercise, which has attracted the attention of all parties.
Looking back on the "big exercise" which lasted for several days, the Chinese and Russian armies jointly drilled anti-enemy offensive, firepower assault, turn into offensive and other subjects, and were reviewed in the sand, further enhancing the ability of the two armies to jointly respond to various security threats. From the perspective of actual combat training, results testing, exchange and mutual learning, and strengthening cooperation, there are many remarkable points in this exercise.
Actual combat in "small details"
The sound of guns rang, and hundreds of flames flashed across the sky. In a live-fire artillery position, reporters from the China News Agency noticed that each artillery was hidden in a semi-underground bunker. Liu Zhaojie, commander of an artillery battalion of the 78th PLA Army Group, said such a small detail would reflect the level of combat practice of the exercise.
Whether it's camouflage nets covering field facilities, explosion-proof enclosures outside the barracks, bushes camouflaging pontoons, dark green spray-painted tank targets, and the amount of ammunition consumed during actual combat drills, there are still a lot of "small details" that reflect the actual combat standards in this exercise.
Sun Mengsbo, a platoon commander of a brigade company of the 78th Army Group, said that the exercise set a higher requirement for the officers and soldiers participating in the exercises according to the actual combat standards, and gave him a new understanding of his position. "I will experience the intentions of all kinds of actions in practical application, think actively about the way to deal with the problem, but also some of their own caution."
The "proving ground" of the reform achievements
According to the plan of the exercise, the actual troop action drill revolves around resisting the enemy attack, crossing the water barrier, fire assault, attack preparation, turning into the attack, etc. The drill course is set up with a relatively complete campaign as the focus, and the actual combat capability of the troops in the remote environment is tested.
Li Yuyin, a researcher at the War Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Military Sciences, said that from a time point of view, this exercise is the first large-scale military exercise that the PLA has participated in overseas since China deepened its defense and military reform. It is helpful for China to indirectly learn from Russia's actual combat experience.
"This exercise is a test of the achievements of our army reform." Cui Wenge, head of the comprehensive directing team of the Chinese director's department, said that this was the first time that the Chinese army, after the revolutionary reform and remolding, organized joint campaign drills overseas by the Chinese director's department, mainly by the Joint Staff Department of the Military Commission and by the elite personnel of the relevant departments of the Military Commission organs.
The "booster" of communication and mutual learning
This is the first time that Xu Kai, deputy battalion commander and first-class pilot of an airline transport battalion of the 79th Army Group, has gone abroad to participate in the exercise. He observed that Russian pilots'aerial movements were rough and bold, and their landing deceleration was even and rapid, "thick and thin, which is worth learning from." The good performance of the Chinese pilots also made the Russian counterparts raise their thumbs and say "Harasus" (OK, Russian).
Colonel Dmitry Mihayevich, who participated in the ceremony, said that the Chinese army showed good quality, discipline and training, and that communication between China and Russia was very smooth. Voli Awach, deputy battalion commander of a Russian army brigade, said the significance of the exercise was to learn from each other's experience and enhance strategic cooperation between China and Russia.
In recent years, pragmatic cooperation between China and Russia on dual multilateral platforms has been frequent. At the end of last month, the SCO Joint Anti-terrorism Military Exercise ended at the Cherbar Kur Training Base in Russia; this year, for the fifth consecutive year, the Chinese army participated in the "International Military Competition" sponsored by the Russian Ministry of Defense, and some of the projects are still new in China. Korla and Fujian Quanzhou.
"Especially in this year, the cooperation between China and Russia has been completely rolled out, and the military field is more obvious." In Li's view, military relations are the "barometer" of bilateral relations, and military exercises are the embodiment of a high level of military relations, which can only be achieved by countries with high degree of mutual trust.
New forms of cooperation between the two armies
Unlike previous joint military exercises between China and Russia, the topic of this exercise has expanded from the joint anti-terrorism to the traditional security issue of organizing joint defense and counter-offensive. The two armies jointly completed the operation from defense to attack, with a large number of participating forces and forces, and the operational elements were integrated and commanded.
In Li Yuanyin's view, this exercise fully draws lessons from the characteristics of modern warfare and exercises the operational style of future wars. The cooperation and division of labor between the two armies have not only consolidated and developed the comprehensive strategic partnership of cooperation between China and Russia, but also opened up a new form of pragmatic and friendly cooperation between the two armies and further strengthened mutual trust between the two sides.
Talking about how to strengthen practical cooperation between the two armies in the future, the military expert who has studied the relations between the two armies for a long time believes that the first is to further enhance political mutual trust between the two countries, which is the basis for cooperation. "The degree of integration and unity of Sino-Russian military cooperation can be deeper, and the forms of cooperation can be continuously expanded."
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