Southern Metropolis Daily: First Captain of the C919 Aircraft: The order has reached 815, requiring tens of thousands of pilots in the future
Source: Southern Metropolis Daily
At the 4th Airline Pilot Training Seminar and the 6th AOPA International Flight Training Exhibition (hereinafter referred to as the Seminar), Nandu News Internship Reporter Li Fei said that in the development of China's civil aviation, the pilot's practical skills have declined and the foreign pilots have been expatriated. The imbalance between the number of pilots and the number of new pilots, as well as the rapid development, has been manifested in the process of pilots'training.
In this regard, Hu Zhenjiang proposed to ensure the quality of training, pay attention to style training, change the concept of training, innovative training methods and strengthen the system construction, to ensure the safety of training pilots of transport airlines to do a good job in three aspects.
The demand for civil aviation pilots is large. 52 aviation schools inside and outside the country train nearly 5000 civil aviation pilots every year.
At the seminar, Cai Jun, the head of China Commercial Aircraft Co., Ltd.'s first domestic large aircraft C919, said that the training of C919 pilots would become a new growth point for the pilots.
According to its introduction, C919's current orders have reached 815, and will continue to increase in the future. "According to the normal man-machine ratio, tens of thousands of pilots will be needed to ensure the safe flight and normal operation of the C919 in the next 20 years after it is put into operation in the market. The training of the C919 pilots will become a new growth point for the pilots." Cai Jun said.
Hu Zhenjiang introduced at the meeting that China's civil aviation has achieved steady and rapid growth, and there will be great demand for pilots in the future. Nandu correspondent understands that by 2022, China is expected to overtake the United States as the world's largest civil aviation market.
According to the civil aviation bureau website "2017 civil aviation industry development statistics bulletin" data, in 2017 the total turnover of civil aviation transportation in China increased by 12.6% compared with the previous year. In 2017, the whole industry completed 837 thousand hours of general aviation production, an increase of 9.5% over the previous year. In addition, Chen Guangcheng, director of the Transport Flight Standards Division of the Flight Standards Division of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, said that by the end of 2017, a total of 557,000 people in China had valid licences for civil aviation pilots, of which 22,405 were for route transport.
According to Hu Zhenjiang, in the past ten years, China's civil aviation aviation pilot training has mainly focused on the overall course of route transport pilots and high-performance aircraft training. The introduction of multi-manned pilot licences in 2014; the Advisory notice on "Transport Aviation Co-pilot Preparatory Course" issued in 2015 to further broaden the training channels for transport aviation pilots; and the adjustment of training courses in flight schools in 2016 to improve the quality and safety management of pilot school training for transport aviation pilots Level.
As of August this year, 24 domestic 141 aviation schools and 28 overseas aviation schools have undertaken nearly 5,000 training per year for CAAC. In addition, more than 1500 new pilots enter 121 Airlines every year.
In this regard, Hu Zhenjiang pointed out that aviation schools and airlines to do a good job in the training of flight cadets, to ensure the quality of training, related to China's civil aviation safety level can be further improved, and the strategic goal of building a strong civil aviation country can be achieved.
Lack of practical operation and other unbalance of Chinese civil aviation affect pilots training
While affirming the achievements of China's civil aviation development, Hu Zhenjiang also pointed out that the imbalance and insufficient development of the civil aviation industry had a certain impact on pilot training, and there was still room for improvement in the field of civil aviation pilot training.
According to the report, due to the continued strong demand for pilots and the limited training capacity and training methods of the pilots of the civil aviation department, a large number of foreign pilots are needed.
"The number of foreign pilots and captains of civil aviation of China has reached 1,400, accounting for one-tenth of the total number of captains of civil aviation of China." Hu Zhenjiang believes that due to different cultures, customs, habits, methods of communication and other reasons leading to the development of civil aviation in China is an imbalance.
In addition, the Nandu reporter also learned that with the improvement of science and technology to guide the automatic function, the pilot's manual control ability is declining. According to public reports, a 3000-hour flight time of the mainframe captain, the manual operation of the aircraft for about 13 hours.
"Pilots are weak in practical operation." Hu Zhenjiang said at the meeting.
He pointed out that the airline's use of QAR as the basic standard for captain, instructor and copilot upgrades has also led to many pilots not daring to directly control the aircraft.
Nandu reporter learned that QAR refers to the "fast access recorder", which can record the main operating parameters of the aircraft and transmit them to the airline decoding base station after landing. Its main functions are routine maintenance, flight inspection, performance monitoring and flight quality monitoring.
Hu Zhenjiang said airlines generally use QAR to punish pilots. He believes that the deviation of the safety management and technical management thinking of civil aviation in China has led to loopholes in training and is one of the manifestations of the imbalance in the development of civil aviation in China.
In addition, he also pointed out that the increase in the number of new captains within three years is the third major aspect of the imbalance in the development of civil aviation in China. According to statistics, the number of new pilots within three years of CAAC in 2013 accounted for 10.06% of the total number of pilots in the country, and last month's statistics showed that the proportion of new pilots has accounted for more than 20% of the total number of 16,000 pilots in the country.
"Despite the strict control of the Bureau and airlines, the number of captains released each year will be limited to about 1600-1800, but with the passage of time, the number of new captains will still increase." Hu Zhenjiang further pointed out that "with the increasing number and ratio of new captains, the risk value of civil aviation in China is increasing."
Finally, Hu Zhenjiang mentioned that the fourth imbalance is that airlines are developing too fast, leading to a formality of training gates in the pursuit of maximum efficiency. He pointed out that airlines in the rapid development period focus on the number of aircraft purchased, the introduction of the number of captains, route opening and other issues of maximum benefit, but more importantly, to deal with safety and development, safety and efficiency issues.
"The development of civil aviation in China is too fast, so Director Feng Zhenglin proposed to develop the civil aviation industry steadily and with high quality. Consideration should be given to whether the basic requirements for pilot training have been fulfilled, whether pilots are guaranteed to be in a steady and progressive state, whether there is a boost to pull seedlings, whether there is screening out pilots who fail to meet the training standards, whether the various aviation schools have screened out pilots who do not have a rigorous style from the source, and so on. Hu Zhenjiang said.
Big data management pilot training will be launched in the future
According to Han Guangzu, director of the General Flight Standards Division of the Flight Standards Division of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, CAAC has implemented systematic management of aviation schools both at home and abroad in the past two years, enabling electronic licences and focusing on the management of students in the overall curriculum, and will also introduce refined management of large data in the future.
"Use the theoretical test data and the practice test data to guide the training of domestic aviation schools, use the feedback data of student evaluation and the initial modification data to evaluate the qualifications of overseas schools, so as to promote the healthy and scientific development of pilot training." Han Guangzu said.
At the seminar, Hu Zhenjiang put forward his views on training style, training methods and system construction. As for ensuring the quality of training and focusing on style training, Feng Zhenglin, director of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, said earlier that of the 10 recent unsafe incidents, 4 were directly related to the work style of the crew and 3 were related to the captain's operational skills. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate education and career development, so that every pilot's career throughout the whole process, the whole chain throughout the style of construction; In addition, flying schools and airlines to establish a perfect style of training linkage mechanism, so that the school rules and regulations with the company's rules and regulations, jointly to cultivate a good style of work.
Speaking of changing training concepts and innovating training methods, Hu Zhenjiang said that with the progress of science and technology, the methods and concepts of pilot training should be constantly changed and improved.
Finally, he proposed to strengthen the system construction and ensure the safety of training. "On the basis of the computer flight training record system, the flying schools should continuously strengthen the construction of the system, actively cooperate with the construction of the Civil Aviation Administration's FSOP system and cloud manufacturing system, continuously monitor and optimize the regulations and standards through the use of various indicators, and promote the standardization system of flight training quality and safety management work. To improve the safety management and training quality of the industry.
He stressed that overseas aviation schools should pay special attention to the safety control of flight training to ensure the safety of flight training.
The theme of this seminar is "Quality Training, Safety Flight, Reform and Opening-up and Sharing the Universe". The Nandu reporter learned that nearly 50 airlines, such as China International Airlines, China Southern Airlines and China Civil Aviation Flight Academy, China Civil Aviation University and nearly 20 141 aviation schools attended the seminar.
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