AI is still strong behind imports of new materials. Shanghai makes tight neck technology.


AI is still strong behind imports of new materials. Shanghai makes tight neck technology.

First finance Miu Qi

Summary: The first batch of special projects to be supported in Shanghai in 2018 will focus on key ceramic materials for integrated circuit equipment, carbon fiber conformance materials for aerospace engineering, and key ray management alloys for medical equipment.

At the recently concluded 20th China International Industrial Exposition (hereinafter referred to as the "Trade Fair"), the exhibition of new material industry appeared low-key and professional compared with a large number of arm-wielding industrial robots.

In the words of Wu Jincheng, deputy director of the Shanghai Economic and Information Commission, new materials are behind the scenes heroes and an important part of the integrated circuit and artificial intelligence industry. Supporting many important projects is new materials.

However, we must face up to the fact that the new material industry is still highly dependent on imports, such as key ceramic materials for integrated circuit equipment, carbon fiber conformance materials for aerospace engineering, key ray management alloys for medical equipment, and so on.

With the rapid development of the global high-end manufacturing industry, new materials as the basis of the manufacturing industry in various key areas, the status is becoming increasingly important. In order to achieve a breakthrough in the research and development of new materials, and thereby enhance the core competitiveness of Shanghai, the government has issued a series of policies and measures, and strive to create a brand of new material industry in Shanghai. The changes and challenges of the industry in recent years are also evident from the new material exhibition area of the Expo.

Two digit growth in industry

At a press briefing on the 22nd of the Expo, Wu Jincheng said that since the 13th Five-Year Plan, Shanghai's new material industry has maintained steady development, with 547 new material enterprises in the city's regulations. By the end of June, 2018, the total output value of new materials in Shanghai reached 128.561 billion yuan, up 10.2% over the previous year, accounting for 25.4% of the total output value of the city's industrial strategic emerging industries.

Since 2015, the exhibition area of new materials industry, one of the trade fair's professional exhibitions, has increased by 12.36% to 120,000 square meters, and the number of exhibitors has exceeded 200, an increase of 22%. Among them, the overseas exhibitors mainly come from Germany, Belgium, Malaysia and so on, the number of enterprises is basically the same as last year.

Shanghai Liwu Sheng group is the leading enterprise of Zhangjiang hi tech Zone Baoshan City Industrial Park. As a representative of private enterprises in the new material industry, Liwusheng Group brought new products such as graphene waterborne anticorrosive coatings, graphene nano-coatings, high conductive graphene slurry, heart rate riding clothes to the site of this trade fair this year.

Li Wusheng Group Vice President Zhao Zhiguo told the first financial reporter, the company originally to produce automotive parts and other traditional materials, 2010 began to transform to the new material field. After eight years of efforts, it has nine core technologies and capabilities in the field of graphene independent innovation. However, transformation is never easy.

"During the period of transformation, the output value of the company plummeted, more than 20 million yuan was invested in R&D every year, the profit of the enterprise declined, and the profit of the new materials has not yet been generated." In his view, although new material research and development investment is very large, the cycle is long, there is a risk of failure, but for traditional enterprises, only transformation can have a better way out.

In order to support the development of new materials industry, Shanghai has formulated and implemented the first batch policy. Among them, the first batch of new material special support measures (trial implementation) in Shanghai was officially issued in October 2017, and the first annual declaration work was carried out in early 2018. It clearly supports major projects, supporting materials for key industries and cutting-edge new materials, encourages the industrial chain to break through synergistically, and promotes the market application of key basic materials. We will quickly import new products and replace imports, fill gaps and stabilize supply.

Wu Jincheng said that the first batch of special projects to be supported in Shanghai in 2018 will focus on key ceramic materials for integrated circuit equipment, carbon fiber conformance materials for aerospace engineering, and key ray management alloys for medical equipment. In addition, the Shanghai Industrial Strong Base Key Foundation Material Research and Development Innovation Project, which was first implemented in 2017, has supported nine new material projects so far. It has spurred investment of 279 million yuan in research and development and industrialization of new materials, focusing on high strength steel, graphene and composite materials for marine engineering, key base materials for flexible display and integrated circuits. Materials, new energy vehicles and lightweight materials, aviation supporting materials and other key directions.

Wu Jincheng said that Shanghai will strive to nurture 1-2 new frontier materials by 2020 to form a preliminary industrial agglomeration, constantly strengthen the supporting capacity of key materials in key industrial clusters such as integrated circuits, automobiles, aviation and high-end equipment, and realize the transformation and upgrading of steel and petrochemical basic materials industry in an intelligent and green way.

The field of startups

Like the booming field of artificial intelligence in recent years, Wu Jincheng told First Financial Reporter: "New materials are also rich in Startup."

Jiang Wei, Director of New Materials Department of Shanghai Economic and Credit Commission, told the First Financial Reporter that in addition to the "national team" in the new material industry, there are many colleges and universities that have set up start-up companies after independent research and development of early technology. For these enterprises, the government has also created new material funds to leverage more social capital and accelerate the industrial application of technology.

Jiang Wei said that China's new material industry is to make breakthroughs in the application field first and retain the R & D team. However, a large proportion of core materials still have to rely on imports. In recent years, domestic enterprises have broken the monopoly of imports in some fields, and have developed more independent products.

The new materials exhibition area is mainly divided into rubber and plastic exhibition area, composite material exhibition area, graphene exhibition area, automobile lightweight technology theme exhibition area and green environmental protection materials and technology theme exhibition area. Highlights of the exhibition include key materials that break international technological blockades and monopolies, and core materials that can replace imports.

For example, the high-power double-clad fiber materials manufactured by Shanghai Daheng Optical Precision Machinery Co., Ltd. have broken the foreign monopoly and made a major breakthrough in the "China Core" of domestic high-power fiber lasers; the piezoelectric ceramic materials stabilized by Shanghai Institute of Portland Research can be made at 250, 300 and 500 degrees Celsius at high temperatures. The high temperature stable application, withstands the high and low temperature and other harsh environment experiment, applies in "Chang'e 3" the ultrasonic motor, the fourth generation plane laser gyroscope, the Long March launch vehicle and so on equipment; Special I (Shanghai) new material Limited company produces the aramid honeycomb material lets "the small honeycomb" become the aircraft "the weight reduction expert", is stronger than The index of degree and specific modulus is higher than that of traditional aluminum alloy material, and the weight loss effect is increased by 30%.

In addition, Jiang Wei said that many foreign-funded enterprises such as Basf have set up R&D centers in China, promoting the development and application of new materials in China. For example, smart city poles made of polyurethane fiberglass composites from BASF (China) Co., Ltd. have lightweight mechanical properties and are integrated with a variety of devices, making them an important part of the future smart city.


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