Original title: [International sharp review] this white paper, for Sino US economic and trade frictions clean up the source
September 24th is the traditional Chinese Festival Mid Autumn Festival. On this day, China issued a white paper entitled "Facts and China's Position on Sino-US Economic and Trade Friction", which analyzed the essence of mutual benefit and win-win situation in Sino-US economic and trade cooperation, clarified the false accusations against China in the US 301 investigation report, and expounded China's policy position on Sino-US economic and trade frictions.
Against the backdrop of the US government escalating the trade war in spite of the overwhelming majority of its objections and causing a greater impact on the world economic recovery, the Chinese government has published this white paper, which will help the international community to understand objectively and rationally the origins of Sino-US economic and trade frictions, and to understand that China will enhance mutual trust and promote Sino-US economic recovery. It is timely and necessary to put forward the proposition of cooperation and control differences.
The full text of the white paper is 36,000 words, citing a large number of data, examples, charts, the vast majority of which come from the United States government departments, transnational corporations, as well as world-renowned research institutions and scholars monographs, has a strong persuasive. Its length is rare in the white paper issued by the Chinese government. From the analysis of the statement and viewpoints in this white paper, we should see that China is deeply concerned about the Sino-US economic and trade frictions and is realistic in its attitude, as well as its unremitting efforts to safeguard the common interests of China and the United States and the overall situation of the world trade order.
The white paper is divided into two parts: the preface and the main text. The main text is composed of six chapters, which convey three aspects of information.
Firstly, it clarifies the facts of Sino-US economic and trade relations, and analyzes the trade protectionism and hegemonism of the United States and their harm.
One of the main excuses for the US to provoke trade friction with China is that China has taken advantage of China and the US has suffered losses in Sino-US economic and trade cooperation, so it requires "fair trade" and "reciprocal opening up". This statement is easy to deceive the unknown. The White Paper confirms that Sino-US economic and trade cooperation is a win-win relationship, not a zero-sum game. The so-called "American loss theory" is untenable. At the same time, the white paper made a series of false accusations against China in the US 301 investigation report, such as "bilateral trade imbalance", "unfair trade", "compulsory transfer of technology", "theft of intellectual property rights", "government promoting enterprises to go out and acquire advanced technology" and "industrial subsidy policy". Clarification and refutation.
The White Paper points out that the principle of reciprocity and mutual benefit of the World Trade Organization, which takes into account the differences in the development stages of each country, is truly international equity. The "fair trade" and "reciprocal opening" advocated by the United States deny the objective differences in development stages, resource endowments and advantageous industries of different countries, and ignore the development rights of developing countries, which will inevitably impact the economies and industries of developing countries and cause wider inequity.
Secondly, the white paper illustrates China's position on Sino US economic and trade issues and international relations.
Since the United States initiated trade friction with China for six months, China's position has been clear, consistent and firm. The White Paper makes a comprehensive and systematic exposition from eight aspects, including China's firm safeguarding of national dignity and core interests, steadfastly promoting the healthy development of Sino-US economic and trade relations, steadfastly safeguarding and promoting the reform and improvement of the multilateral trading system, steadfastly protecting property rights and intellectual property rights, steadfastly protecting the legitimate rights and interests of foreign businessmen in China, and steadfastly deepening We should reform and open up, firmly promote mutually beneficial and win-win cooperation with other developed countries and developing countries, and firmly promote the construction of a community of human destiny. It can be seen that China's firm policy stance in these eight areas not only focuses on Sino-US economic and trade issues, but also takes into account the healthy development of international relations, reflecting China's great-power responsibility and moral responsibility.
Third, put forward a reasonable solution to Sino US economic and trade frictions.
According to the White Paper, China and the United States have different stages of economic development and economic systems. It is normal for them to have economic and trade frictions. The key is how to enhance mutual trust, promote cooperation and control differences.
The current US government is determined to escalate the trade war, both sides will feel the pain of higher tariffs, but also the global industrial chain and economic recovery under high pressure. The White Paper points out that Sino-US economic and trade frictions are related to global economic stability and prosperity, world peace and development, and should be properly resolved. China is willing to work with the United States to build a balanced, inclusive and win-win China US economic and trade order. At the same time, the White Paper also emphasizes that the door of China's negotiations has always been open, but the negotiations must be based on mutual respect, equality and the consensus of words and deeds, not under the threat of big sticks of tariffs, not at the expense of China's right to development. These principles undoubtedly point out the right way to solve Sino US economic and trade frictions.
There is no winner in trade wars. To really solve the problem, it is necessary to calm down and read this white paper carefully, to understand objectively, comprehensively and rationally the mutually beneficial and win-win relationship between China and the United States, which is highly complementary to each other in economy and trade, and to return to the correct track of resolving Sino-US economic and trade frictions from the perspective of people's well-being. (International Critical commentator)
The Information Office of the State Council will hold a press conference to introduce and interpret the white paper.
The six facts of Sino US economic and trade relations in the white paper
The white paper details the economic and trade data after the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States: cooperation is by no means a zero sum game.
The white paper expounds China's eight major positions on Sino US economic and trade frictions.
"Sino US economic and trade frictions" white paper: China's attitude towards intellectual property protection is firm and effective.
White paper: trade protectionism is ultimately damaging US interests.
White paper: US trade protectionism has seriously affected the normal development of Sino US economic and trade relations.
White paper: the US government's trade bullying has shaken the foundation of the global multilateral trading system.
White paper: improper practices by the US government have undermined the international economic order.
China US economic and trade frictions white paper: China resolutely deepening reform and opening wider to the outside world
White paper: China firmly protects the legitimate rights and interests of foreign businessmen in China
Editor in chief: Zhang Yan
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