Beijing News (reporter Liang Chen) breaks Moore's law? Intel is speeding up the iteration of processor versions. On Oct. 8, Intel released its 9th Generation Intelligent Core Processor, a chip designed to meet the needs of gamers, and will accept bookings from now on. The distance from the previous generation was only 2 months in the past year.
Six days ago, however, Intel just updated its eighth-generation product to announce that the latest Surface laptop supports its eighth-generation Core processor. More than a month ago, Intel announced connectivity, performance and battery life benefits for its eighth-generation processors for light and thin notebooks. Change.
The core product, i9-9900K, Intel calls it "the best game processor in the world," offers eight kernels and 16 threads with a base frequency of 3/6GHz, which can be raised to 5.0GHz. This means that the processor will have better computing performance. Intel said its performance improved by 37% compared with the chip used by PC three years ago.
Intel unveiled a performance comparison with rival AMD's Sharp Dragon 2990WX at the launch. Intel said the new product is 27% faster than AMD's 3D rendering, 108% faster than video editing, and 13% shorter game build time.
In fact, the Intel i9 series has long been considered a defensive weapon against competition. PC manufacturers are also keen to compare Intel and AMD.
Unlike the previous one, Intel changed the packaging of the processor's ordinary box to adopt a dodecahedron with a black-and-blue main hue. This is also catching up with rival AMD, which uses cuboids, diamonds and transparent designs for the new generation of thread-tearing processor boxes.
In addition to the i9 processor, Intel also announced the i5 and i7 products of the ninth generation of processors.
Although Intel accelerated the iteration of processor versions, it did not improve the corresponding manufacturing process. The ninth-generation processors still use Intel's existing 14-nanometer technology, which was introduced as early as 2014 when it released the fifth-generation Broadwell chip. The ninth generation chips only use the 14 nanometer + + technology upgraded in 2017, which is the same as the eighth generation Coffee Lake. Intel will not really use the 10 nanometer chip to produce the next generation of chip products by 2019.
Intel, in particular, points out that this is the first desktop processor to fix hardware failures in Meltdown variants 3 and L1 terminals, while the rest is protected by software. In early January 2018, Intel suffered from a CPU-class vulnerability "fuse" and "ghost" outbreak, the company's stock price once fell to a low of $42.50.
In addition, Intel has updated its X-Series processors for high-end users, first announced in 2017, and announced the launch of the Supreme Processor with a maximum frequency of 4.3GHz, designed for workstations with computationally intensive workloads and applications.
Moore's law "failed"
This acceleration came from March 2016. Intel changed its Tick-Tock (Tick-Tock) development model, which began in 2007, to a three-stage process-architecture-optimization (PAO) model. Under the traditional arrival mode, Intel's manufacturing process and processor products alternate, and the pressure of upgrading process is very high, resulting in Intel to increase the optimization process.
This has led to a discussion about whether Moore's law is still continuing. Moore's Law, derived from Intel co-founder Gordon Moore, means that the number of transistors integrated in a chip doubles every two years (i.e. processor performance doubles), which is the most important law in the entire computer industry. It is this law that propelled the popularization of microcomputers in the 1980s and 1990s, as well as more high-speed mobile devices.
The semiconductor industry has been following this pattern of evolution, naming the new fabrication nodes 0.7 times as large as the previous generation, because the change coincides with the double density of transistor integration. But the evolution of technology has led to increased integration, but also increased heat, so the rate of doubling is slowing down. The discussion on physical limits has also begun to increase.
However, Intel still believes that key technologies can still be overcome. Mark Bohr, a senior Intel academician, said at the 2017 Made-in-the-U.S. Congress that although the physical limits may one day be reached, there is still no end in sight. This is due to technological innovations, such as fin field effect transistors (FinFETs) and hyper scaling, used in 14-nanometer processes.
In response to the death of Moore's law, Mark Bohr also responded that most of the views were wrong. At present, Intel has begun the research and development of 7 nanometer and 5 nanometer processes, and the global wafer OEM has also launched a new round of competition, TSMC and Samsung have begun to 7 nanometer production orders for competition.
In 2015, Brian Krzanich, then Intel's CEO, said recent technological upgrades showed that Intel's pace was close to two years, not two. Ke Zai Qi once was in charge of Intel factory.
The age of focus
Unlike traditional PC era, Microsoft Surface Studio and other innovative forms of computing devices are emerging. Intel has begun to pay more attention to power consumption and flexibility in the development of processors. Zeng Ling intel was criticized for his troubles in heating.
Some insiders pointed out that Intel's chip release on the 8th did not include a breakthrough product like the one in 2017, but clearly showed many improvements in user demand. Gregory Bryant, General Manager of Intel Customer Computing Group, said, "We are in an era of distraction."
From the current Intel update products, its main focus is on games, creative design and commercial products. Patrick Moorhead, founder of Moor Insights & amp, a technology analyst, and Patrick Moorhead, founder of Strategy, said in an interview that the first two factors have contributed significantly to the recent recovery of the PC market.
Global PC market shipments rebounded for the first time in six years in the second quarter of 2008, according to monitoring data from several analysts. Gartner data showed that the shipment volume was 62 million 100 thousand, an increase of 1.4% over the same period. Due to the different statistics, the IDC report shows that the shipment volume is 62 million 300 thousand, an increase of 2.7% over the same period.
Gregory Bryant says Intel is focusing on mobility for the PC market; games and high-end creation and desktop experience; and commerce. "Every part has a different need, and we're trying to make a customized product for every segment so that people don't have to compromise."
Of course, competition has also become the pressure of Intel. Although AMD has not been able to impact Intel's market share for many years, it has become more competitive with the emergence of subdivisions and has begun to grab share in some categories. The emergence of Sharp Dragon is the most prominent case, and Su Zifeng, CEO of the company, predicted an improvement in share on the earnings call.
In contrast, the share price of AMD soared more than 200% in 2018, while Intel's share price, which has been higher than AMD's, has been hovering between $42 and $57, but the increase is not significant.
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